What is the farm called? and who owns it?
The Manor Farm, Mr. Jones
Why does old Major call the meeting?
To tell the others about his dream
Who is Boxer? What kind of animal is he and why do the animals like and respect him? (Use a QUOTE to answer this question.)
“Boxer was an enormous beast, nearly eighteen hands high. …he was not of first-rate intelligence, but he was universally respected for his steadiness of character and tremendous powers of work (Orwell, 4-5).”
Why does Old Major think he is qualified to talk to the other animals about life? How does he describe the life of an animal?
“I have had a long life, I have had much time for thought as I lay alone in my stall, and I think I may say that I understand the nature of life on this earth as well as any animal now living (Orwell, 6).”Let us face it: our lives are miserable, laborious, and short (Orwell, 6).”; “The life of an animals is misery and slavery: that is the plain truth (Orwell, 7).”
What, according to old Major, is the reason that animals have this kind of life?
Man (“Why then do we continue in this miserable condition?…It is summed up in a single word — Man (Orwell, 7).”
How old is old Major? How many children does he have? Is he an exception to how animals lives generally are?
“I am twelve years old and have had over four hundred children (Orwell, 8).”
What, according to old Major, must the animals do to improve their situation?
“It is now crystal clear, comrades, that all the evils of this life of ours spring from the tyranny of human beings?…What then must we do? Why, work day and night, body and soul, for the overthrow of the human race! That is my message to you, comrades: Rebellion (Orwell, 9)!”
In their struggle to improve their situation, who are enemies? Who are friends?
“Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend (Orwell, 11).”
What does old Major warn against happening in the animals’ fight?
“And remember also that in fighting against Man, we must not come to resemble him….All the habits of Man are evil (Orwell, 11).”
Re-read the song Beasts of England. What is the message of the song?
All animals must work towards the “golden day” that tyranny ends and they are all happy and free (Orwell, 12-13).