Mr. Jones, of the Manor Farm, had locked the hen-houses for the night, but was too drunk to remember to shut the pop-holes. With the ring of light from his lantern dancing from side to side, he lurched across the yard, kicked off his boots at the back door, drew himself a last glass of beer from the barrel in the scullery, and made his way up to bed, where Mrs. Jones was already snoring.
(ch.1) Mr Jones is introduced as a drunkard and as the person in charge.
The pigs did not actually work, but directed and supervised the others. With their superior knowledge it was natural that they should assume the leadership.
(ch.3) We start to get the hint that the pigs are starting to slack, note “superior knowledge” and “leadership”
Until now the animals had been about equally divided in their sympathies, but in a moment Snowball’s eloquence had carried them away.
(ch.5) Snowball captures the animal’s attention by talking “eloquently”, this is enough to sway them
But just at this moment Napoleon stood up and, casting a peculiar sidelong look at Snowball, uttered a high-pitched whimper of a kind no one had ever heard him utter before.
(ch.5) Napoleon uses terror to force the animals what to do. “unexpected” animals do not anticipate this.
Throughout the spring and summer they worked a sixty-hour week, and in August Napoleon announced that there would be work on Sunday afternoons as well. This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half.
(ch.6) Napoleon is using the appearance of options to control the animals. “strictly voluntary” extra work. Going against his word that Sundays would be a day of rest.
It was about this time that the pigs suddenly moved into the farmhouse and took up their residence there…It was absolutely necessary, he said, that the pigs, who were the brains of the farm, should have a quiet place to work in. It was also more suited to the dignity of the Leader (for of late he had taken to speaking of Napoleon under the title of “Leader”) to live in a house than in a mere sty. Nevertheless, some of the animals were disturbed when they heard that the pigs not only took their meals in the kitchen and used the drawing-room as a recreation room, but also slept in the beds.
(ch.6) Pigs are going against the agreement to keep the farmhouse as a museum to remember the control of humans and never to sleep in beds. “sudden” indicates that this was not discussed with animals.
Nevertheless, towards the end of January it became obvious that it would be necessary to procure some more grain from somewhere. In these days Napoleon rarely appeared in public, but spent all his time in the farmhouse, which was guarded at each door by fierce-looking dogs. When he did emerge, it was in a ceremonial manner, with an escort of six dogs who closely surrounded him and growled if anyone came too near. Frequently he did not even appear on Sunday mornings, but issued his orders through one of the other pigs, usually Squealer.
(ch.7) Napoleon is building an image of power. “ceremonial” and “escort” imply his self importance and need to show he has the power. The separation highers his importance.
In April, Animal Farm was proclaimed a Republic, and it became necessary to elect a President. There was only one candidate, Napoleon, who was elected unanimously.q
(ch.9) parallels with a dictatorship are pronounced, “it became necessary” is used a lot.
But the luxuries of which Snowball had once taught the animals to dream, the stalls with electric light and hot and cold water, and the three-day week, were no longer talked about. Napoleon had denounced such ideas as contrary to the spirit of Animalism. The truest happiness, he said, lay in working hard and living frugally.
(ch.10) Lots of negative words are used. Napoleon is overriding the original meaning of animalism.
Today he and his friends had visited Animal Farm and inspected every inch of it with their own eyes, and what did they find? Not only the most up-to-date methods, but a discipline and an orderliness which should be an example to all farmers everywhere. He believed that he was right in saying that the lower animals on Animal Farm did more work and received less food than any animals in the county.
(ch.10) All animals are supposed to be equal, looking very similar to how it started out, “less food than any animals in the county”.
Twelve voices were shouting in anger, and they were all alike. No question, now, what had happened to the faces of the pigs. The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.
(ch.10) Come full circle, the animals are under the same corrupted leadership that they started off with. Pigs have the same practice and appearance of men. “they were all alike”