a. “…if it means death,/It will not be the worst of deaths…”
b. “…and if I must die,/I say that this crime is holy…”
c. “You must decide whether you will help me or not.”
d. “You have yourself to consider, after all.”
a. Eteocles and Haimon.
b. Polyneices and Antigone.
c. Ismene and King Creon.
d. Antigone and King Creon.
a. contempt to admiration.
b. affection to anger.
c. jealousy to friendship.
d. hostility to love.
a. popular with most Theban citizens.
b. Creon’s way of punishing Antigone.
c. rejected by Antigone as a violation of a divine law.
d. in accord with Greek religious practices.
a. Creon should respect his nephew.
b. he did not attack Thebes.
c. he is entitled by birth to military honors.
d. he fought as bravely as Eteocles.
a. her actions.
b. her physical appearance.
c. her speech.
d. the reactions of other characters.
a. stoning to death in the public square.
b. exile from the city forever.
c. death by hanging.
d. death by poison.
a. Oedipus’ nephew.
b. Creon’s brother.
c. Ismene’s brother.
d. Antigone’s cousin.
a. view of the role of women.
c. independence from her uncle.
a. She loves Antigone and wants to protect her from death.
b. She believes women are stronger than men.
c. She chooses to follow human laws rather than the laws of the gods.
d. She grieves for the loss of her brothers.
a. the battle between Polyneices and Eteocles.
b. Creon’s rise to power as King.
c. Oedipus’ killing of his father and marriage to his mother.
d. Oedipus’ banishment from the city and Jocasta’s death.
a. King Creon’s supremacy.
b. Dionysus’s blessing.
c. the destruction of Crete.
d. peace in the land.
a. religious law and civil law
b. Creon and the Choragos
c. Creon and the Sentry
d. the Sentry and the Choragos
a. set private friendship above public welfare.
b. be afraid to follow the course that he knows is best for the State.
c. harm any member of his own family even if they have broken a law.
d. have any dealings with an enemy of the people.
a. he was forced under fear of death.
b. he has lost the throw of the dice.
c. he is a friend of the King.
d. he knows it is the right thing to do.
a. The body is mounded with wildflowers.
b. Partially covered with soil, Polyneices’ body lies in a shallow hole.
c. The body is hidden beneath a shroud to protect it from wild animals.
d. Light dust covers the body.
a. family loyalty always takes priority.
b. kings must show conviction and never appear weak.
c. loyalty deserves respect and reward.
d. the stability of the state is most vital.
a. having Creon speak.
b. narrating Creon’s actions.
c. describing his appearance.
d. disclosing Creon’s private thoughts.
d. society’s voice.
a. Creon’s decree
b. Antigone’s stubbornness
c. Greek tradition
d. divine law
a. Women are morally superior to men.
b. Brothers must never battle.
c. Kings are always tyrants.
d. Religious law is superior to civil law.
a. the remains of the Argos army after the battle.
b. the chorus.
c. the traitors who dare defy his rule.
d. the disastrous path of Oedipus’ family.
a. The audience knows that it is the Sentry who buried him.
b. The audience knows that Antigone has buried him for religious, not political, reasons.
c. The audience knows that Creon secretly suspects Antigone but can’t accuse her because she is Haimon’s fiancee.
d. The audience knows that it is a priest who buried him.
a. the beauty of land and sea.
b. the wonders of human kind.
c. the Theban victory over Argos.
d. the battle between good and evil.
a. the Sentry.
c. Antigone and Ismene.
d. the Chorus.
a. the lesser known brother to Polyneices and Eteocles
b. Creon’s brother
c. Creon’s father
d. the brother to Oedipus
c. the guards
d. the gods
a. a storm.
b. a mighty wind.
c. an eagle.
d. a bear.
a. Zeus was on their side.
b. Eteocles had known their plan of attack ahead of time.
c. the armies of Argos had betrayed Polyneices.
d. Polyneices’ armies were poorly trained.
a. he will be sure that Creon will not see him again.
b. he is glad he was the one to bring Creon the news.
c. he will soon be back with the one who broke the law.
d. he is angry enough to bury Polyneices himself.
a. the gods.
a. the death of Antigone
b. the deaths of Eurydice and Haemon
c. the burial of Polyneices
d. the sentencing of Antigone
a. creating dialogue on the stage
b. adding a third character to the stage
c. defining tragedy and its elements
d. using drama to highlight injustice
c. rising action
d. falling action
a. Eteocles’ rebellion
b. Ismene’s reluctance
c. Creon’s decree
d. Zeus’ anger
a. the logic and reasoning
b. the speaker’s credibility
c. the recipient’s emotions
d. the tragic heroine’s flaw
a. through cause-and-effect relationships
b. through allusions that impact mood
c. through the songs of the chorus
d. through random acts of chance
Your gaze makes citizens afraid—they can’t
say anything you would not like to hear.
But in the darkness I can hear them talk—
the city is upset about the girl.
What do Haemon’s lines reveal about Creon?
a. His physical features are gruesome.
b. He is to be feared.
c. He is hard of hearing.
d. He is approachable.
the house of Labdakos’ children,
sorrows falling on the sorrows of the dead,
one generation bringing no relief
to generations after it—some god
strikes at them—on and on without an end.
What does the passage reveal about the beliefs of the ancient Greeks?
Against our land he marched,
sent here by the warring claims
of Polyneices, with piercing screams,
an eagle flying above our land,
covered wings as white as snow,
and hordes of warriors in arms,
helmets topped with horsehair crests.
Summarize this passage.
Before his jaws had had their fill
and gorged themselves on Theban blood,
The imagery in this passage creates which mood for the audience?
d. Chorus Leader
Based on the thematic statement above, what did the ancient Greeks value?
a. reversal of situation
b. scene of suffering
Athens, 5th century BC
Sparta, 12th century BC
Memphis, 8th century BC
Syracuse, AD 3rd century
Four Dialogues on Drama
Drama for Dummies
Sophocles and the Art of Theatre
Black and red garb
Nothing at all
The Nymphs of Artemis
Defends her actions by explicitly asserting that the conscience is the highest judge of morality
Defends her actions by asserting the supremacy of divine law
Defends her actions by claiming that Creon has no legitimate claim to the throne
Defends her actions by threatening to start an armed revolution
The Priests of Apollo
The soldiers under Creon’s command
The women of Corinth
The Theban elders
rise to fame and fortune
reversal of fortune from good to bad
quest to find love
ability to overcome disaster
honor the god Dionysus
evoke pity and fear in the audience
reveal a reversal of fortune from bad to good
persuade the audience to rebel against the government
loyalty to the rebels
do you have any sense of all the troubles
Zeus keeps bringing on the two of us,
as long as we’re alive?
Which character speaks these lines?
Isemene’s loyalty to the state
What do the stage directions reveal about the differences between the two characters?
Both Antigone and Ismene are loyal to the government.
Ismene is not loyal to the government, but her sister is.
Unlike her sister, Antigone is not loyal to the government.
Neither Antigone nor Ismene are loyal to the government.
Polyneices and Ismene
Polyneices and Antigone
Eteocles and Antigone
Eteocles and Ismene
to reveal resolution
to provide exposition
to explain action
to highlight conflict
Zeus and Ares intervene.
Creon fires cannons at the rebels.
The Athenian army intervenes.
Polyneices sees his brother.
the audience knows something other characters do not
some characters know something other characters do not
the characters know something the audience does not
the audience and the characters are aware of the situation
Polyneices fights against Thebes.
Antigone intends to bury Polyneices.
Eteocles and Polyneices kill one another.
Creon forbids the burial of Polyneices.
These are the principles/I’ll use in order to protect our state.
Someone has buried the corpse and disappeared,
There are men assigned to oversee the corpse.
Don’t yield to those who contravene my orders.
How do others respond to the antagonist?
When is the protagonist introduced?
Who is the protagonist?
loyalty to family
confuse the audience
intensify the plot
resolve the conflict
to take over the throne
to bury Polyneices
to flee Thebes
to follow Creon’s law
the attitude of the speaker
the mood of the audience
the main idea of the passage
the stage directions of a play
request permission to bury her brother
leave her brother’s body unburied
blame Ismene for her crime
defy Creon’s law and bury her brother
A man can be ruined by love.
Love can cause family strife.
Eros controls love.
Gods are immune to the power of love.
“Look at me, my native citizens,”
“But Niobe was a goddess, born divine—”
“When I look at her I forget my place.”
“To be piously devout shows reverence,”
“the reference to a person, place, or thing”
the desis (rising action)
the lusis (falling action)
“the arrangement of the incidents”
to evoke an idea with minimal words
to show causal relationships
to distract the audience
to resolve conflict
Neither Antigone nor Niobe were of royal blood.
Both Antigone and Niobe mourn the loss of family.
Neither Antigone nor Niobe had children.
Both Antigone and Niobe were punished by a god.
Haemon attempts to persuade Creon to free Antigone.
Creon changes his mind and decides to bury Polyneices and to free Antigone.
Antigone is lead away to the tomb.
Antigone is arrested.
to honor the gods
to entertain the audience
to create conflict
to provide exposition
Kings are wiser than prophets.
Birds are evil.
Gods punish the wicked.
Prophets are greedy.
The character has no effect on the audience.
The character causes the audience to feel peace and comfort.
The character provides the audience with comic relief.
The character causes the audience to feel anxiety and fear.
Divine authority holds the ultimate power.
Human authority holds the ultimate power.
Each individual holds the ultimate power.
Family is the ultimate power.
reversal of situation
scene of suffering
scene of suffering
reversal of situation