Antigone by Sophocles: The Exodos Practice and Quiz Flashcard Example #31743

Explain how the conflict between familial loyalty and civil obedience is resolved, how theme is revealed through resolution, and what you can learn about the ancient Greek culture through a theme from the play Antigone.
Familial loyalty and civil obedience is resolved by each character choosing family over civil obedience. The theme is “Loyalty to family is more important than civil obedience.”
Explain the tragic irony that occurs in the exodos.
The prophecy comes true. Creon is left all alone because Haemon, Antigone, and Eurydice kill themselves.
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and answer the question that follows.

Messenger:
For Creon, in my view, was once a man
we all looked up to.

Which characteristic of tragedy do the messenger’s words reveal?

a tragic character’s reversal of fortune
Which element of Greek tragedy is associated with tragic irony?
peripeteia
Explain how the conflict between divine and human authority is resolved, how theme is revealed through resolution, and what you can learn about the ancient Greek culture through a theme from the play Antigone.
Divine law vs. human law is resolved by the prophecy fulfilled with the deaths of Haemon and Eurydice. The theme is “Ultimate authority rests in divine law, so it demands obedience and respect.”
Which event resolves the conflict between Antigone and Creon?
Antigone’s death
Which character experiences anagnorisis?
Creon
Explain how the conflict between conscience and law is resolved, how theme is revealed through resolution, and what you can learn about the ancient Greek culture through a theme from the play Antigone.
Conscience and law is resolved when Creon acted according to the law, not the conscience of advisors, and was punished. The theme is “Divine authority resides in the conscience and is to be regarded as superior to human law.”
Explain how Creon’s tragic downfall reveals the ancient Greek belief that nothing happens by chance.
The Greeks believed that tragedy is a result of weakness. Creon experienced tragedy because he was extremely prideful.
Which event results in Antigone’s reversal of fortune?
Antigone’s death
How does the play resolve the conflict between divine authority and human authority?
The deaths of Haemon and Eurydice fulfill the prophecy.
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and answer the question that follows.

CHORUS LEADER:
Here comes the king in person—carrying
in his arms, if it’s right to speak of this,
a clear reminder that this evil comes
not from some stranger, but his own mistakes.

Which tragic element do the Chorus Leader’s lines reveal?

hamartia
The Greek term “peripeteia” refers to the __________.
reversal of situation
Read the passage below and answer the question that follows.

Creon disrespects the gods by refusing to bury Polyneices and by sentencing Antigone to death in the tomb. As a result, Creon loses two people from his own family: Haemon and Eurydice.

Which literary device does the passage illustrate?

tragic irony
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and answer the question that follows.

CHORUS:
Pray for nothing.
There’s no release for mortal human beings,
not from events which destiny has set.

Which theme do the Chorus’ lines reveal?

Divine authority is more powerful than human authority.
How does the play resolve the conflict between conscience and law?
Creon acts according to the law, not the conscience of advisors, and is punished.
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and answer the question that follows.

CHORUS LEADER:
What do you make of that? The queen’s gone back.
She left without a word, good or bad.

Which tragic element is associated with the lines spoken by the Chorus Leader?

catastrophe
The Greek term “anagnorisis” refers to the __________.
recognition
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and answer the question that follows.

CHORUS:
The most important part of true success
is wisdom—not to act piously
towards the gods, for boasts of arrogant men
bring on great blows of punishment—
so in old age men can discover wisdom.

Which statement summarizes the main idea of these lines?

Prideful attitudes lead to tragedy.
Which event occurs first?
Antigone’s death

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