Antigone by Sophocles: The Parados Flashcard Example #59210

Which character is the antagonist in the play?
Creon
Dramatic irony occurs when __________.
The audience knows something the character does not
When analyzing a character, a reader should consider all of the following except __________.
The opinions of the audience
Why does Zeus punish the rebels?
Zeus hates an arrogant boasting tongue. Seeing them march here in a mighty stream, in all their clanging golden pride, he hurled his fire and struck the man, up there, on our battlements, as he began to scream aloud his victory.
What mood is created at the close of the parados?
Joyous and victorious.
What does Creon value?
Power
Which trait is not associated with Creon’s character?
Compassion
Which scenario does Sophocles use for dramatic irony?
Creon assumes a man broke his law.
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and answer the question that follows.

CHORUS LEADER:
Zeus hates an arrogant boasting tongue.
Seeing them march here in a mighty stream,
in all their clanging golden pride,
he hurled his fire and struck the man,
up there, on our battlements, as he began
to scream aloud his victory.

What does this passage reveal about how the ancient Greeks felt about their relationship to the gods and which personality traits were valued by their culture?

The ancient Greeks felt that the gods would punish those who acted boastfully and proudly; therefore, the ancient Greeks valued humility in their culture. In addition, they felt that the gods would intervene to protect the innocent from harm.
Which statement is true?

Zeus assists the rebels.
Athena assists Thebes.
Zeus assists Thebes.
Ares assists the rebels

Zeus assists Thebes
Which statement is true?

Which statement is true?

Polyneices and Eteocles kill one another in battle.
Polyneices survives, but Eteocles does not.
Eteocles survives, but Polyneices does not.
Polyneices surrenders to Eteocles.

Polyneices and Eteocles kill one another in battle.
Explain the purpose and importance of the parados in the context of its intended audience, the ancient Greeks.
Due to the simplicity of the ancient Greek theater, complex scenes were not performed onstage. Therefore, the intense battle scene between the rebel army and the Theban army would not have been performed for the audience. The parados provided playwrights the opportunity to relate details of important events that the audience could not have witnessed. In the context of Antigone, the parados provides the audience with exposition, explains the action, and highlights the conflict.
Read the statements below and answer the question that follows.

Zeus and Ares assist Thebes.
Polyneices leads the rebel army against Thebes.
The rebels retreat.
Thebes conquers the rebels.

Which event occurs first?

Polyneices leads the rebel army against Thebes.
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and answer the question that follows.

CHORUS:
Before his jaws had had their fill
and gorged themselves on Theban blood,

The imagery in this passage creates which mood for the audience?

Fearful
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and complete the instruction that follows.

CHORUS LEADER:
Against our land he marched,
sent here by the warring claims
of Polyneices, with piercing screams,
an eagle flying above our land,
covered wings as white as snow,
and hordes of warriors in arms,
helmets topped with horsehair crests.

Summarize this passage.

Polyneices waged war against Thebes with a determined army of warriors.
According to the parados, the ancient Greeks believed that the gods punished __________ people
Boastful
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and complete the instruction that follows.

CHORUS:
The man swing down, torch still in hand,
and smashed into unyielding earth—
the one who not so long ago attacked,
who launched his furious, enraged assault,
to blast us, breathing raging storms.
But things turned out not as he’d hoped.
Great war god Ares assisted us—
he smashed them down and doomed them all
to a very different fate.

Summarize this passage.

The rebel army’s attempt to conquer Thebes was prevented with the assistance of Ares.
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and answer the question that follows.

CHORUS:
Now victory with her glorious name
has come, bringing joy to well-armed Thebes.
The battle’s done—let’s strive now to forget
with songs and dancing all night long,
with Bacchus leading us to make Thebes shake.

What imagery is used in these lines? How does it reveal the speaker’s tone and affect the mood of the audience?

The words and phrases used in the passage create an image of a strong and fortified city. In addition, the audience is able to envision a festive scene with words that appeal to sight, sound, and touch. The word choice reveals a proud tone and sets a joyful mood for the audience.
Who reveals the details of the battle to the audience?
Chorus
Polyneices leads Argos army against Thebes, Rebels threaten the city, Zues and Ares assist Theban army, Polyneices and Eteocles battle, Theban army counterattacks, rebels retreat, unable to conquer Thebes, Each brother kills the other, __________.

Which event completes the series of events?

Theban armies defeat rebels.
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and answer the question that follows.

CHORUS:
O ray of sunlight,
most beautiful that ever shone

To which of the five senses does the imagery in this passage appeal?

Sight
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and answer the question that follows.

CHORUS:
Standing above our homes,
he ranged around our seven gates,
with threats to swallow us
and spears thirsting to kill.

Which word describes the mood this passage creates for the audience?

Suspenceful
Sensory details are intended to impact the __________ of the audience.
Mood
Which event causes Eteocles and Polyneices to engage one another in battle?
The Theban army counterattacks.
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and answer the question that follows.

CHORUS LEADER:
Zeus hates an arrogant boasting tongue.
Seeing them march here in a mighty stream,
in all their clanging golden pride,
he hurled his fire and struck the man,
up there, on our battlements, as he began
to scream aloud his victory.

According to this passage, which personality trait did the ancient Greeks value?

Humility
Polyneices leads Argos army against Thebes, Rebels threaten the city, Zues and Ares assist Theban army, Polyneices and Eteocles battle, Theban army counterattacks, rebels retreat, unable to conquer Thebes, __________, Theban armies defeat rebels .

Which event completes the series of events?

Each brother kills the other.
Sophocles chooses specific words and phrases to reveal the __________ of the speaker.
Tone
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and answer the question that follows.

CHORUS:
Now victory with her glorious name
has come, bringing joy to well-armed Thebes.

Which word describes the speaker’s tone in this passage?

Proud

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *