Antigone characters and pronunciations Flashcard Example #543

Antigone
daughter of Oedipus, former king of Thebes. One of my personal favorites of ALLLLLLLL time. I like her as much as Mercutio from R&J and Cassius (from Julius Caesar). She is one tough cookie.
Ismene
daughter of Oedipus (Antigone’s sister). Wimp.
Creon
King of Thebes, uncle of Antigone and Ismene. Kind of a jerk.
Haemon
Creon’s son – engaged to Antigone — yep…cousins.
Eurydice
wife of Creon
Teiresias
a blind prophet (yep…same one as in the Odyssey)
Chorus
made up of about 15 elders of Thebes
Choragus
leader of the chorus
Sentry
guard
Messenger
self-explanatory I hope.
Polyneices
brother to Antigone and Ismene – killed in battle. bad boy
Eteocles
brother to Antigone and Ismene – killed in battle
Jocasta
sister to Creon – mother to Antigone and Ismene – hanged herself when she realized the truth about her relationship with Oedipus. He was her son and she didn’t realize it when she married him. Yes, more disgusting things from the world of the Greeks.
Persephone
wife of Hades, queen of the underworld. What a job!
Danae
imprisoned by her father because it had been predicted her son would kill him. Zeus felt sorry for her and “visited” her in the form of a golden rain and afterwards, she was pregnant with Perseus. She and Perseus were thrown into the sea, saved by Poseidon. After a lot of different things happened, he killed Medusa, and later did kill his grandfather (accidentally) which actually did fulfill the prophecy. Ahhh…gotta love those Greeks!
Lycurgus
son of Dryas – wound up eaten by horses (yes horses) because he wouldn’t worship Dionysus properly. He basically offended the Muses (all nine of them apparently) and so there was no hope for him because they never forgave anyone. Talk about holding a grudge!
Phineus
imprisoned his first wife – daughter of the North wind and allowed his new wife to blind his sons from his first marriage. What? Yep.
Hephaestus
god of fire
Thebes
town in Central Greece – was the most powerful city in Greece in the early 4th century. Was destroyed right before Trojan War. Rebuilt later but never regained prominence. Rebuilt after an earthquake destroyed it, it is now linked to Athens by rail and is a town that trades wheat, olive oil. wine, tobacco and tourist attractions of ancient ruins. In Mythology, founded by Kadmos, brother of Agenor, ancestor of Oedipus. Referred to as seven- gated Thebes, not to be confused with hundred-gated Thebes in Egypt.
allegory
a story that functions on two levels – literal and symbolic. Characters represent ideals; story teaches moral lesson.

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