daughter of Oedipus, former King of Thebes, she is determined
daughter of Oedipus, follows the law, what Creon says
King of Thebes, uncle of Antigone and Ismene
Creon’s son engaged to Antigone
a blind prophet
made up of about 15 elders of Thebes (citizens to provide more action on the play to foreshadow
leader of the chorus
How does the play open? What is Antigone upset about?
The play opens with Antigone talking to her sister Ismene. She is upset because she and her sister have suffered because of Oedipus’ curse and now there is a new decree of King Creon
What does Anatigone want Ismene to help her do
Bury their brother Polyneies
What is the punishment if they do what Antigone wants them to do.
stoning to death in the public square.
What causes the immediate conflict between Antigone and Ismene as the play opens
Antigone wants to buy their brother Polyneices not matter the consequences. Ismene doesn’t want to bury him because of the consequences
How does Ismene respond to Antione’s request for help and what reason does she give for this response.
“Antigone , you are mad” she says this because ” the new law forbids it….But think of the danger , what Creon will do!”
What does Ismene’s response say about her character
She is scared of the consequences, she is a weak woman – not to stand up to men
How does antigone react to Ismen’s decision.
She tells her she does not need her help: she is mad, she expected her to help
Identy the speaker and explain
Oedipus died, everyone hating him
For what his own search brought to light, his eyes
Ripped out by his own hand. ..
Ismene– their father died with people hating him because without knowing he killed his dad and married his mother. He was so blind that he ripped his eyes out.
Identy the speaker and explain
“But I will bury him; and if I must die
I say that this crime is holy: I shall lie down with him in death and I shall be as dear
To him as he to me.
Antigone – Regardless she will buy her brother, and if it is a crime, it with forgiveable , god would not consider it a crime
Identify the speaker and explain
“it is the dead,
Not the living, who make the longest demands;
We die forever
Antigone- Death is forever (if a demand is made and then the person dies it is out there forever)
identify the speaker and meaning
“Impossible thing should not be tried at all”
Ismene – Antigon says she will try even if she may fail, Ismene is saying that the deed is impossible so don’t even try
Parodos- What information does this section give about events that immediately precede the Play.
Tell of the background that lead to Polyneise death
“for God hates Utterly
The bray of bragging tongues
Choragos (speaking to audience) – This explains that when God (Zeus) saw the bragging of Polyneices’s troops he turned against them and brought about their defeat. They displeased him and paid for it.
What is revealed about Creon in this scene
He has become king because Eteocles and Polyneise killed each other . He wants to be a good king with high principals.
What reasons does Creon give for his ruling concerning Oedipus’ sons
Based on Creon’s principals, Eteocles was to be buried with honor for fighting for his country. Where Polynecies came back from excile to spill blood of this own people and make them slave., so not funeral for him.
What is the reaction of the chorus to this ruling
They will support his ruling because only a fool would face death by not supporting it.
What does the Sentry tell Creon that makes Creon upset
Someone covered Polyneise with dust.
Of what does the Sentry accuse Creon
He accuses him of having a guilty conscious.
“I am aware, of course, that no ruler can expect complete loyalty from his subjects until he has been tested in office. . .”
Creon to Chorus – He is stating his thoughts about rulers and subjects. Rulers should do what is best for their region and people – REGARDLESS of personal relationships. Subjects should likewise follow the decrees and laws made by their rulers. He is the antagonist and he is on the side of human law.
“I did not do it. I did not see who did it. You must not punish me for what someone else has done.”
sentry to Creon – He is denying involvement, he is afraid he will be blamed.
“And death it is; yet money talks, and the wisest
Have sometimes been known to count a few coins too many.
Creon – people will act disloyal because of money which is tempting
Ode ONe- What is the message of the ode.
Man is great, superior, but death , it is the one thing humans cannot beat.
Ode One –
“Numberless are the world’s wonders, but none
More wonderful than man. . .”
Chorus – Man is the most wonderful creature, intelligent etc.
scene 2 What happened before this scene opens
Antigone is captured
scene 2 – How does Antigone defend her actions.
She denies nothing, She said it was not God’s proclamation and it was wrong, it would have been worse to leave him. There should be honors for all dead
scene 2 How has Ismene changed from the Prologue? How does Antigone treat her.
Now she agrees to be guilty with antigone. Antigone does not want her involved . She says do not lesson my death.
scene 2- Does the Choragos side with Antigone or Creon during the scene.
They take Antigone’s side, talk of taking ” his sons bride”
scene 2 “A man should never be too sure of anything”
Sentry- meaning a man should always question and should not jump to conclusions
scene 2 “This girl is guilty of a double insolence, Breaking the given laws and boasting of it”
creon to choragos- She broke the law and talked about it. She wanted the public to know she stood up against the law.
scene 2 “But now I know what you meant; and I am here to join you, to take my share of punishment”
Ismene to Antigone – She is begging Antigone to let her be punished too.
scene 2″Ask Creon you’re always hanging on his opinions”
Antigone- telling Ismene to check with Creon because she always listens to what he says.
scene 2″Gentlemen, I beg you to observe these girls: ONe has just now lost her mind; the other, it seems, has never had a mind at all.”
Creon to Chorus- Antigone lost her mind (decided but wrong)and Ismens never had a mind at all (undecided)
Scene 2″You, there, take them away and guard them well: For they are but women, and even brave men run When they see death coming.”
Creon to Sentry- Watch them carefully. they have no fear.
Scene 2, Ode 2 What fears for Oedipus’ children does this ode express
Scene 3 – What conflict is Haemon caught in in this scene
He is in love with Antigone, but he wants to obey his father. He says he will obey and that marriage should not interfere.
Scene 3 -How does Creon react to Haemon’s comments?
He tells him it is good not to lose his head over a woman..It is ok to love to a man but not a woman.
Scene 3 What methods and arguemnts does Haemon use to try to get Creon to change his mind.
He tries to tell him the people thinK he is wrong – that Antigone has done a generous act . He says he has heard the people talking
Scene 3- What opinion does Creon have towards women
He thinks women are worthless women are weak
Scene 3 What function does Choragos serve in this scene? Whose side is he on if any
He is a medieator between Creon and Haemon. he goes back and forth between them . First sides with Creon then says both speak well
Scene 3. “It is not right
If I am wrong. But if I am young, and right,”
What does my age matter
Haemon -Age does not matter if you are right… You may be young, but still right
Scene 3 “This boy, it seems, has sold out to a woman”
Creon-His love for her overrules his beliefs or his wanting to obey his father
Scene 3″If you are a woman; My concern is only for you”
Scene 3 “Then she must dies- – But her death will cause another”
Haemon – If she dies, he will die with her
Scene 3, Ode What is the topic of this ode. What is the message about the topic.
Love conquers all.
Scene 3 Ode. Which lines allude to antigone, Creon, and Haemon:
Antigone – waster of rich men, soft face of a girl, here you made bright anger between father and son, and, as you have made brighter anger strike between father and son
Creon pleasure to her who mocks me
Haemon- mortal man . . . tremble before your glory
Scene 4 What comfort does the Chorus offer Antigone
They are sad. The end will be there – death at last, she is strong
Scene 4 Does Antigone seem changed as she faces death
No she is still brave and strong
Scene 4 What word does Antigone use to identify what the curse of Oedipus has been to the family
Blasphemy- the son and mother mingling . Her father’s marriage to his own mother and incestuous relationship that resulted int Antigone’s birth. — this was against the gods
Scene 4 What does Antigone wish for Creon in her comments
That he be punished as she is being punished if the Gods believe he is guilty
Scene 4 Ode What are the trhee Greek Myths that the Chorus alludes to
The Princess Dane
King Phineus, p. 1097 see for details…
Scene 4 Ode,How are the fates of the characters in these myths similar to Antigones’s
They are family relations
Scene five, of what does Creon accuse Teiresias
Selling his wisdom . He is a blind profit
scene five, How has creon shown that he is guilty of the crime of pride
He admits Teiresias may be right, ” hard to give in for stubborn pride”
scene five – Why does Creon finsally give in
He is told that he disobeyed the gods, Antigone should not have been put in jail.
scene five – What part does the chorus play in Creon’s decision to change his mind.
Chorus tells Creon he made the wrong decision with punishing Antigone – he should free her.
Scene 5 – “oh my son, These are no trifles! think:all men make mistakes, But a good man yields when he knows his course is wrong, and repairs the evil. the only crim is pride”
Teiresias Men make mistakes, but the wrong is if they do not accept that a mistake was made. The real crime in having too much pride to admit to a mistake.
Exodus – How does Sophocles tell us what happens to antigone, Haemon and Eurydice
Through the messenger
Exodus – What happened to Antigone
She killed herself by hanging herself
Exodus – What are the tragic detail of Haemon’s actions before he takes his life
He found Antigone dead. he spat in his father’s face He drew his sword and lunged at his father and then drove it into himself he then brought Antigone into him and died
Exodus what happened to Euydice.
She was Haemon’s mother . on learning of his death, she put a knife in her heart. and Curses Creon
Scene 5 “But speak again; whatever it is , I can bear it: Grief and I are not strangers”
Euydice – she knows grief, her older son Megareus was killed in battle for Thebes She wants the truth
scene 5 “Whatever my hand have touched has come to nothing. Fate has brought all my pride to a thought of dust”
Creon All that I have touched has disappeared.. Fate has shown my pride was wrong.
Scene 5 ” There is no happiness where there is no wisdom; No wisdom but in submission to the gods. Big words are always punished, And proud men in old age learn to be wise”
Play as a whole- How can Creon’s conflicts be seen as a conflict between two choices that seem equally “good” That is between the stability of the state and the obedience of the gods.
Play as a whole- Is Antigone admirable and worthy to be honored, or is she foolish and just as proud as croon? Whee in the play des the Chorus accuse Antigone of pride.
A comparison of two unlike things without using the word like or as.
2 examples ??
1-He (polyneices) the wild eagle screaming
2. Your marriage strikes from the grave to murder mine
A comparison using like or as
2 examples ??
1. that voice is like the voice of death ( Antigone)
2. Theiresias . . . . rose like a dragon behind him shouting war
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
1. with hearts dancing . . .
2. four blind wounds crying for revenge (chorus)
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
Theiresaias- All men make mistakes
Theiresais – Then take this and take it to heart.
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.
1. Antigone “O’Thebes, O men many charioted, in love with Fortune, Dear Springs of Dirce, sacred Theban Grove . Be witness for me, denied all pity
2. O’ Odeipus, father and brother , your marriages strikes from the grave to murder mine.