The rendering of images and objects in a stylized or simplified way, so that though they remain recognizable, their formal or expressive aspects are emphasized.
What is meant; The meaning of an image, beyond its overt subject matter as opposed to form.
An accepted way of representing something, either formal or symbolical.
The tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one’s own culture
The overall structure of a work of art.
Those who wished to destroy images in religious settings.
The study or description of images and symbols.
Realistic portrayal with distinct personal or subjective viewpoint.
(p.26) When a work does not refer to the natural or objective world at all.
Greater resemblance to things in the real world; The desire to describe the world in a way unadulterated by the imaginative and idealist tendencies of the Romantic sensibility.
Portrays natural objects in recognizable form.
What is literally shown; The literal, visible image in a work of art, as distinguished from it’s content
Images that represent something more than their literal meaning.
Relationship between”real”things and the words and images used to refer to them:
Both images and words can refer to things that we see, but they are not the things themselves.
Ex: Lorna Simpson, SHE, 1992 (pg.20)
-The SUBJECT MATTER of the work (what the image literally depicts) barely hints at the complexity of its CONTENT (what the image means).
Recognize that not all cultures regard representation in the same way:
-Christians/Islam debated whether it was sinful to depict God and his creatures in paintings and sculpture.
-Whatever the religious justification, it should be equally clear that the distrust of visual imagery is, at least in part, a result of the visual’s power.
Iconoclasts- those who wish to destroy images in religious settings.
Importance of verbal language to explain and contextualize the meaning
of many images:
Differences and similarities among representational, abstract and non-representational/non-objective art:
Abstract ; Representational- both RECOGNIZABLE forms
Representational- recognizable natural art
Non representational- not natural art
Relationship between form and content:
Form- overall structure of an art
Content- the meaning of an image
Difference between content and subject matter:
Content- Meaning of art
Subject matter- What is literally shown in the art
Artwork: Rene Magritte, The Treason of Images, 1929
(Pg.19) A picture of a pipe, says “This is not a pipe.” under the image in French
Artwork: Shirin Neshat, Rebellious Silence, from the series Women of Allah, 1994
(Pg.21) Iran woman with writing on her face, gun held up in front of the middle of her face
Artwork: Triumphal Entry, (page from a manuscript of the Shahnamah of Firdaws), Persian, Sfavid culture, 1562-1583
(Pg.24) Colorful Arabic texts
Artwork: Kasimir Malevich, Suprematist Painting, Black Rectangle, Blue Triangle, 1915
(Pg.29) Blue triangle over black rectangle over a bigger tan rectangle
Artwork: Jan van Eyck, Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife Giovanna Cenami, c. 1434
(Pg.34) Pregnant wife in green dress with husband in dark black
Artwork: Howling Wolf, Treaty Signing at Medicine Creek Lodge, 1875-1878
(Pg.39) Indians, tee-pees, pilgrams flying in the air