Baroque Period Flashcard Example #572

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A drama that is sung is called:
an opera
The vocal style in opera that imitates the natural inflections of speech is called:
recitative
It was thorough the musical innovations of the __ that opera was born.
Florentine Camerata
A highly emotional song in an opera is called
an aria
The orchestral introduction heard at the beginning of an opera is called:
an overture
The text of an opera is called:
the script
Who is best viewed as the first master of opera?
Purcell
The earliest operas took their plots from:
Greek mythology
A type of English entertainment combining music, poetry, and dance was called:
masque
The greatest native-born English composer of the baroque was:
Henry Purcell
Purcell’s opera Dido and Aeneas was composed for:
a production at a girl’s school
Who was the liberesttist of Purcell’s dido and Aeneas?
Nahum Tate
on which epic poem was Purcell’s opera Dido and Aeneas based?
Virgil’s Aenied
Dido sings her famous lament in Purcell’s opera dido and Aeneas just prior to:
killing herself
Dido’s Lament from Purcell’s opera dido and Aeneas is composed:
over a ground bass
Why does the opening melodic line ascend in Strozzi’s amor Dorminglione?
it suggest cupid waking
The sacred cantata was integral part of the:
Lutheren church service
Which of the following does NOT describe a choral?
Chorale tunes were originaly conceived for polyphonic settings
During his lifetime, Bach held the position of:
all of the above.
Bach was most famous in his day as a performer on
the organ
What is the form of the chorale tune Wachet Auf?
bar form (A-B-A)
Bach’s Cantata no. 140, Wachet Auf, has ___ movements:
seven
The opening movement of Bach’s cantata Wachet Auf is best described as:
a grand chorale fantasia
The duet from bach’s cantata Wachet Auf (movement 3) is in __ form.
da capo (A-B-A)
Which of the following does NOT characterize an oratorio?
elaborate scenery
The stories for oratorios are generally drawn from:
the bible.
George Frideric Handel was considered a master of:
the oratorio
____ was born in Germany and studied in Italy, but spent much of his creative life in England.
Handel
When Handel arrived in London, he established his fame by composing:
operas
Late in life, Handel turned his efforts from the opera to:
the oratorio
which of the following is Handel’s most famous oratorio, frequently performed today?
Messiah
Handel’s Messiah is:
an oratorio
Why is Messiah so popular in England and America today?
all of the above
“Rejoice Greatly, O daughter of Zion” from Messiah is an example of:
a da capo aria
The famous choral climax in Part II of Handel’s Messiah is:
the “Hallelujah Chorus”
The first era of Western music history in which instrumental music was as important as vocal music was the:
Baroque
Of the following, which is NOT a major difference between Baroque and modern violins?
the general shape of the instrument
of the following wind instruments, which was not made of wood?
trumpet
Which of the following does NOT characterize the suite?
each movement is in a contrasting key
which of the following dance types was NOT standard in a Baroque suite?
tarantella
A gigue is best described as:
a lively sextuple-meter dance
what is the form of each individual movement in a suite?
binary
the concept of the suite was applied to:
all of the above
Water Music by Handel is best described as a:
suite
why is the music for Handel’s Water Music marked by lively rhythms and catchy melodies?
it was performed outdoors on barges
the alla hornpipe movement from Water Music is characterized by:
instrumental groups exchanging motivic ideas
Who was the court composer to Louis XIV that was central to the development of French opera?
Jean-Baptist Lully
The dominant instrument in Mouret’s rondeau is:
the trumpet
the from of the rondeau is:
A-B-A-C-A
the instrumental form based on the contrast of two dissimilar masses of sound is called a:
concerto
the typical solo concerto has ___ movements
three
a concerto based on the opposition of small and large groups of instruments is called a:
concerto grosso
who was the greatest and most prolific Italian composer of concertos?
vivaldi
vivaldi was known as the “red priest” for:
the color of his hair
vivaldi lived and worked in:
venice
which of the following is a well-known set of concertos by vivaldi?
the four Seasons
the solo instrument in spring, from the four seasons, is:
the violin
which of the following does NOT characterize vivaldi’s the four seasons?
the concertos avoid ritronello form
the opening movement of Spring, from the four seasons, features:
ritornello form
in the slow movement of spring, from the four seasons, vivaldi evokes a dog barking through:
an ostinato rythem
who composed the bradenburg concertos?
bach
bach’s bradenburg concertos comprise ___ seperate concertos
six
the accompanying group in a concerto grosso is called:
the ripieno
the solo group in a concerto grosso is called:
the concertino
which of the following was NOT an important keyboard instrument in Baroque?
the piano
a keyboard instrument in which the strings are plucked by quills is:
the harpsichord
the harpsichord is different from the piano because:
all of the above
what is a toccata?
an improvisatory, virtuosic keyboard work
a chorale prelude:
all of the above
the __ is a keyboard form based on the principle of voices imitating each other
fugue
what is the principal element of a fugue?
counterpoint
in a fugue, the areas of relaxation where the subject is not heard are called:
episodes
after the fugue subject is stated, the second entrance of the subject is called the
answer
of the following, which is NOT a contrapuntal device that alters the original theme?
prelude
in a fugue, the technique of stating the theme in faster rhythmic values is called:
diminution
the opening section of a fugue, in which all voices successively introduce the subject, is called the:
exposition
in the field of keyboard music, bach’s most important collection was
the art of fugue
which of the following is a set of forty-eight preludes and fugues by bach?
A musical Offering
how many preludes and fugues are contained in the two well-tempered clavier volumes?
48
bach’s last demonstration of contrapuntal mastery was:
the art of fugue
how many voices, or individual lines, are there in bach’s contrapunctus 1, from the art of fugue?
four
in which voice is the subject first heard in contrapunctus i, from the art of fugue?
the second to top voice, or alto
which of the following is NOT true of the rococo?
it emphasized the grandiose
which of the following was one of the greatest painters of the French Rococo?
Watteau
The French clavecnist and Rococo composer of the mid-eighteenth century was:
Francois Couperin
The Beggars opera was first presented in:
London
The Beggars Opera was written by..
Gay and Pepusch
John Gays The Beggar’s Opera is best described as:
a ballad or dialogue opera
Opera buffa is comic opera from:
Italy
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