Beowulf Study Guide Flashcard Example #87510

Characters: Matching
Beowulf
Heroic warrior who later became king of the Geats
Grendel
Monster – bears the curse of the descendents of Cain
Grendel’s mother
sea nymph-like monster, seeks vengeance on Danes for the death of son
Scyld
arrives from sea as a child; founds royal Danish line
Hrothgar
King of the Danes; builder of famous mead-hall.
Heorot
name of mead-hall
Hygleac
King of Geats who sends his men to help the Danes
Unferth
…Danish thane who taunts Beowulf; later offers a sword
Aeschere
Hrothgar’s trusted advisor and important Danish official; killed by Grendel’s mother
Dragon
goes on a rampage after slave steals his treasure
Wiglaf
Only thane who stays with hero during the dragon battle
Multiple Choice:
After his death, Scyld’s body is…
– set adrift at sea
Beowulf come to Herorot from…
Geatland
As a result of Grendel’s attacks on Heorot…
the Danish thanes no longer sleep in mead-hall
“Swan-road” is an example of…
a kenning
Unferth taunts Beowulf because
he is jealous of Beowulf’s fame and boldness
Beowulf chose to fight Grendel unarmed
because he thinks it may be impossible to kill Grendel with a man-made weapon
Beowulf prepares to fight Grendel’s mother with a borrowed sword called …
Hrunthing
Beowulf kills Grendel’s mother with…
a sword loaned to him by Unferth
Beowulf’s main motive in fighting the dragon is…
to be a noble leader and protect his people
During Beowulf’s battle with the dragon, all of his men …
except one flee to the forest to save their lives
Beowulf dies because …
the dragon inflicts a mortal wound
At his death, Beowulf …
thanks god for the riches his people will receive and plans his own funeral
After his death, Beowulf’s body is burned and…
placed in a barrow (coffin) on a cliff overlooking the sea
Wiflaf tells the thanes who ar not present at Beowulf’s death that …
death is better than a life tainted by shame
Beowulf, the Anglo-Saxon epic poem, was written …
by a poet whose identity is a mystery
In the Old English manuscript, each Beowulf line is split to create a pause called a…
Caesura
Vocaublary
mead-hall…
bar that serves an alcoholic drink of fermented honey and water
scop…
composer and storytellers of Anglo-Saxon poetry
thane
a soldier
stalwart
of great strength
byrny
a shirt of armor
nicor – a water spirit; half human and half fish
a water spirit; half human and half fish
mere
a lake or pond
lair – den or dwelling
den or dwelling
hilt
the handle of a sword
pyre
a bonfire for burning a dead body
dirge
sorrowful hymn sang
succor
a lake or pond
moored
secured a ship
linden
light soft wood
gorges
eats greedily
talons
claws
sinews
tendon
runic
consisting or set down in ancient alphabe used for writing Germanic script, especially Germanic languages
scruples
morals or ethical considerations that restrain one’s behavior and inhibits certain actions
epic poetry
a long narrative written in an elevated style which celebrates the deeds of a legendary hero
epic hero
superhuman her of an epic
alliteration
the repetition of similar sounds, especially the initial consonant sound of a word or a stressed syllable
comiatus
Germanic code of loyalty
wergild
man-payment, the practice of paying a slain man’s family to atone for the deed and to prevent them from taking revenge against the manslayer
kenning
two-word metaphorical name for something – sea-road for ocean
Keenings:
whale-road
stormy ocean
swan-road
a calm ocean
hall-troops
thanes
sky-candle
the sun
slaughter-dew
blood

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