Beowulf Vocabulary Flashcard Example #90258

Scourge -n
(n.) a cause (person or thing) of affliction or suffering; a source of severe punishment or criticism
Thole -n
a holder attached to the gunwale of a boat that holds the oar in place and acts as a fulcrum for rowing
Furbish -v
-To restore to freshness or of appearence or good condition
Harrow -v
to disturb keenly or painfully
Havoc -n
(n.) very great destruction, ruin; great confusion and disorder
Malignant -adj
(adj.) deadly, extremely harmful, evil; spiteful, malicious
Reaver -n
one who robs or plunders
Elegy -n
A lyric poem that laments the dead.

Expressing sorrow or lamentation

Ascribe -v
To attribute to a specific cause, source, or origin
Allegory -n
a narrative having characters, a setting, symbols, and both literal and figurative meaning
Undaunted -adj
undiminished in courage or valor
Interloper -n
a person who becomes involved in a place or situation where they are not wanted or are considered not to belong.
Rampage -n
violently angry and destructive behavior
Prudence -n
Exercise of good and cautious judgement with regard to practical matters
Renege -v
to fail to honor a commitment, go back on a promise or deny
Maraude -n
A raider, plunderer
Parley -n/v
a conference or discussion (especially between enemies)
Remorse -n
Deep feeling of guilt or regret
Roam -n
(v) to WANDER, to work or travel around an area without any definite aim or direction
Thane -n
Anglo-Saxon Englishman who held land granted by the king or nobleman (One in service to the king)
Swan-Road -n
Idiom for river
Barbarous -adj
cruel; brutal
Canny -adj
astute, shrewd, knowing
Motif -n
(n.) a principal idea, feature, theme, or element; a repeated or dominant figure in a design
Wax -v
(v.) – to increase gradually in size or degree (also part of candle)
Revere -v
To honor, to regard with respect
Dole out -v
distribute as charity; give out in small portions
Anathema -n
A person or thing detested or loathed
Wassail -n/v
a salutation wishing health to a person, used in England in early times when presenting a cup of drink or when drinking to the person.
Reparation -n
The act of making amends
Monger -n
a person who is involved with something petty
Kenning
A device employed in Anglo-Saxon poetry in which the name of a thing is replaced by one of its functions or qualities, as in “ring-giver” for king and “whale-road” for ocean.
Formidable -adj
Causing fear, apprehension, or dread
Reprisal -n
(n) an injury done in return for injury
Syndecdoche
Part of something that represents the whole thing. (ship=keel, heads=people)
Affliction -n
Something which causes pain or suffering
Gorge -n/v
Narrow passage between steep mts. or hills

To eat greedily

Infamous -adj
Having a reputation of the worst kind, vicious, notoriously bad
Lair -n
(n.) the home or den of a wild animal; any hideout
Livid -adj
discolored from a bruise; reddened with anger
Loathsome -adj
Causing hatred or disgust; repulsive
Purge -n/v
(v.) to wash away impurities, clean up;

(n.) the process of getting rid of something or someone decisively

Talon -n
claw of an animal, especially a bird of prey
Litotes
Ironic understatement, especially if affirmative is expressed with negative (not bad at all)

“He cared little for battle”

Caesura
Natural pause in the middle of a line. division made by the ending of a word within a foot, or sometimes at the end of a foot, especially in certain recognized places near the middle of a verse. Marked by double vertical line.
Religious Characteristics
Christian and pagan/folklore elements. Beowulf acknowledges god as his protector.
Metonymy
Rhetoric figure of speech: using the name of one object/concept for that of another to which there is a relationship/part or that stands for the object /concept itself.

Counting heads = counting people

Giver of Rings = King

Iron = sword

Foreshadowing
Hints at things to come. Shield’s funeral foreshadows Beowulf’s.
Flashbacks
References to prior events or information.
Epithets
Any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality.

Lord of life = god

Alliteration
Consonantol alliteration: two or more stressed syllables of a word group either with the same consonant sound or sound group. (from stem to stern)

Vocalic alliteration: A vowel sound that may differ from syllable to syllable (each to all)

Two or more words of a group with the same letters (apt alliterations artful aid)

Anglo-Saxon Cultural Values
Comitatus and loyalty to one’s people/gods/God, etc.
Honoring debts, between generations, inter-/intra- tribe
Honoring promises/pledges, inter-/intra- tribe
Fortitude/courage/bravery
Intelligence/cunning/cleverness/wisdom
Strength, physical and moral
Team-player/An understanding of one’s place in society/appropriately humble
Immortality came through a warrior’s fame
Sharing of spoils/goods
Generosity to tribe
Pride in self/family/community/country
Oral Tradition
Poems were generations old before being composed into text
Poems were rich in cultural tradition
The Hall/mead hall was the common recital room/auditorium (Herot/Heorot)
Performer/scop entertained the community through memorized recitals
Traditional Verse Structures:
Elegiac–mourning/lament
Heroic–exemplification of deeds accomplished/boasts/boasting
Eulogy–praising/praise from others
Religious–noting God and Christian concepts; possibly dealing with fate

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