Ch 15 Flashcard Example #67430

Performance art began as a form that predominantly combined ballet with special sound effects and limited visual design elements.
False
A Trip to Coontown was the first black musical and was conceived, written, produced and directed by Bob Cole and William Johnson in 1898.
True
Asian American Theatre continues to thrive as emerging playwrights Philip Kan Gotanda and Young Jeon Lee are adding a more contemporary perspective to the already established works of David Henry Hwang and Tisa Chang.
True
Some of the most important contemporary avant-garde works can be found off-off Broadway in theatres such as Cafe La Mama, the Living Theatre, Mabou Mines, and the Wooster Group among others.
True
Environmental Theatre was the name given to the plethora of outdoor theatres that developed in the late 1960’s and 1970’s.
False
England and numerous European countries invest significantly in the arts and Theatre specifically to a far greater extent than the National Endowment for the Arts in the United States.
True
Unfortunately the sheer diversity of the American Theatre scene has become so fragmented that there is no longer enough audience support for live theatre to continue.
False
Black actor Paul Robeson had a record run of 296 performances in his 1943 production of Othello.
True
Possibly the most important production of the postwar era was A Raisin in the Sun.
True
El Teatro Campesino is one of the major theaters to arise in Native American theater.
False
The proliferation of film, television, DVD’s, computer games etc. are electronic forms of entertainment that all present a threat to the continuation of live theatre.
True
An example of the postmodernist mixing of high and low art is the musical The Lion King.
True
August Wilson’s 10-play cycle of plays chronicles the Asian American experience in this country that began with the “gold rush” of 1849.
False
It was rare to see African American performers on the stage in nineteenth century America.
True
The Boys in the Band was the first play that brought gay life to the forefront of mainstream audiences.
True
Shakespeare is alive and well in the US with some 150 producing Shakespeare festivals around the country with 30 in California alone.
True
One of the major playwrights to come out of the Cuban American theater is Maria Irene Fornes.
True
Performance art began as a form that predominantly combined ballet with special sound effects and limited visual design elements.
False
There was no Native American theater tradition; rather, there were spiritual and social traditions that had theatrical elements.
True
El Teatro Campesino is one of the major theaters to arise in Native American theater.
False
Both Performance Art and Postmodernist approaches to theatrical production are more similar to the work of an Auteur Director’s since the scripted dramatic work is subjugated to the creative vision and focus of the director.
True
Native Voices at the Autry, founded by Randy Reinholz (Choctaw) and his wife, Jean Bruce Scott, is one of the most important and prolific producers of new Native American Plays.
True
The African Grove Theatre was the first black theatre company in the United States to produce major musicals.
False
Lorraine Hansberry is the African American author of the Pulitzer Prize winning play, Topdog/Underdog.
False
Beyond the confines of Broadway and touring professional theatre there is not a great deal of diversity available in theatre around the country in the early 21st century.
False
The type of Theatre scene once found almost exclusively in New York City has become firmly established in numerous leading cities throughout the country with a mix of theatre that is similar to the Broadway/Off Broadway/off-off Broadway theatre model in NYC.
True
The Federal Theater project of the 1930’s was created to help theater artists through the Depression and it included units for African Americans.
True
It was rare to see African American performers on the stage in nineteenth century America.
True
The Federal Theatre Project of the late 1930’s also gave rise to a significant number of Cuban American plays performed predominantly in Florida.
True
August Wilson’s Pulitzer Prize winning play Fences is a family drama set in the 1950s.
True
Along with expressionism, futurism, and surrealism, Antoin Artaud’s Theatre of Cruelty and Jerzy Grotowski’s poor theatre were among the most significant features of the avant-garde theatre movement.
True
The Boys in the Band was the first play that brought gay life to the forefront of mainstream audiences.
True
David Henry Hwang is the author of Angels in America.
False
Possibly the most important production of the postwar era was A Raisin in the Sun.
True
Tennessee Williams, Arthur Miller, Lorraine Hansberry, and Edward Albee were the most notable American playwrights of the 20th century avant-garde theatre movement.
False
It was not until the twentieth century that African American performers presented Shakespeare.
False
The Royal National Theatre alone in Great Britain has a current annual budget of $30 million, which is more than 1/4 of the entire National Endowment for all of the arts in the USA.
True
Although the Federal Theatre Project was shut down by Congress in 1940, the thousands of African Americans who began working in theatre due to the Federal Theatre Project led to an eventual explosion of black theatre in the 1950’s.
True
Aphra Behn and Susanna Centlivre are two contemporary feminist playwrights
False
Postmodernism is an approach to drama that strives to achieve a correct interpretation of a play through extensive background research and intense bibliographic rigor.
False

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