Êàðòî÷êè, ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèå çàïðîñó biology world guide natural Flashcard Example #94633

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binary fission
chromosome
gene
centromere
reproducing prokaryotic cells … chromosome replicates and the c…
part of DNA
part of a chromosome
Sister chromatids are attached by the centromere
binary fission
reproducing prokaryotic cells … chromosome replicates and the c…
chromosome
part of DNA
Four types of planets
Haploid
Diploid
Alternation of Generation
-Bryophytes… -Seedless vascular plants… -Gymnosperms… -Angiosperms
-Have a single set of chromosomes
-When haploids fuse an egg with two chromosomes is produced
-A life cycle practiced by plants where successive plant gener…
Four types of planets
-Bryophytes… -Seedless vascular plants… -Gymnosperms… -Angiosperms
Haploid
-Have a single set of chromosomes
organic chemistry
Carbohydrates
Cellulose
Chitin
the study of all chemicals containing carbon
the starches and sugars present in foods
A substance (made of sugars) that is common in the cell walls…
A structural polysaccharide, consisting of amino sugar monomer…
organic chemistry
the study of all chemicals containing carbon
Carbohydrates
the starches and sugars present in foods
Ecology
Homeostasis
Hypothesis
Physiology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between o…
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
The study of body function
Ecology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between o…
Homeostasis
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
Law of Conservation of Mass
covalent bonding
Electronegativity
free radicals
Matter is not created nor destroyed in any chemical or physica…
results from the sharing of electron pairs between two atoms
A measure of the ability of an atom in a chemical compound to…
Unstable molecules that cause biochemical aging, especially wr…
Law of Conservation of Mass
Matter is not created nor destroyed in any chemical or physica…
covalent bonding
results from the sharing of electron pairs between two atoms
Flagella
endomembrane system
Cytoskeleton
Mitochondria
whiplike tails found in one-celled organisms to aid in movement
A network of membranes inside and around a eukaryotic cell, re…
A network of fibers that holds the cell together, helps the ce…
Powerhouse of the cell
Flagella
whiplike tails found in one-celled organisms to aid in movement
endomembrane system
A network of membranes inside and around a eukaryotic cell, re…
energy
potential energy
kinetic energy
thermodynamics
the capacity to bring about movement against an opposing force
stored energy
energy in motion
the study of energy
energy
the capacity to bring about movement against an opposing force
potential energy
stored energy
oxidation
reduction
redox reaction
electron carriers
a substance that loses one or more electrons to another
the substance that gains electrons in this reaction
the process by which electrons are transferred from one molecu…
molecules that serves to transfer electrons from one molecule…
oxidation
a substance that loses one or more electrons to another
reduction
the substance that gains electrons in this reaction
biological species concept
binomial nomenclature
systematics
phylogeny
species are groups of actually or potentially interbreeding na…
a system of naming species; a species name is latin and is not…
a field of biology that is concerned with the diversity and re…
a hypothesis about the evolutionary relationships of groups of…
biological species concept
species are groups of actually or potentially interbreeding na…
binomial nomenclature
a system of naming species; a species name is latin and is not…
biotechnology
transgenic biotechnology
reproductive cloning
forensic biotechnology
the use of technology to control biological processes as a mea…
the splicing of DNA from one species to another
the production of mammals through cloning; cloning intended pr…
the use of biotechnology to establish identities
biotechnology
the use of technology to control biological processes as a mea…
transgenic biotechnology
the splicing of DNA from one species to another
species
population
genotype
phenotype
a group of organisms who can successfully interbreed with othe…
all the members of a species that live in a defined geographic…
genetic makeup of any organism
any observable trait that an organism has, including physical…
species
a group of organisms who can successfully interbreed with othe…
population
all the members of a species that live in a defined geographic…
nucleotide
DNA polymerase
mutation
point mutations
essential building block for DNA; each contains one sugar and…
a group of enzymes that move along each strand of the double h…
permanent alteration of a DNA base sequence
a mutation of a single base pair in the genome
nucleotide
essential building block for DNA; each contains one sugar and…
DNA polymerase
a group of enzymes that move along each strand of the double h…
X-linked disorders
recessive disorder
autosomal recessive disorder
autosome
genes that cause genetic disorder lie on the X chromosome
a genetic disorder that will not exist in the presence of a fu…
a recessive dysfunction related to an autosome
the chromosomes other than the X and Y chromosomes
X-linked disorders
genes that cause genetic disorder lie on the X chromosome
recessive disorder
a genetic disorder that will not exist in the presence of a fu…
gametes
haploid
diploid
prophase I
reproductive cells; haploid cells derived from diploid cells t…
possessing a single set of chromosomes; n
possessing two sets of chromosomes, 2n
homologous chromosomes link as they condense, forming tetrads
gametes
reproductive cells; haploid cells derived from diploid cells t…
haploid
possessing a single set of chromosomes; n
molecular formula for photosynthesis
photosynthesis
stomata
chloroplasts
6CO2 + 6H2O -> C6H12O6 +6O2
the process by which certain groups of organisms capture energ…
microscopic pores that let carbon dioxide pass into leaves and…
organelles within plans and algae cells that are the sites of…
molecular formula for photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O -> C6H12O6 +6O2
photosynthesis
the process by which certain groups of organisms capture energ…
cross pollination
self pollination
fertilization
germination
to pollinate one plant with pollen of another plant; Mendel us…
pollen from the male anthers of a plant falls on the female st…
sperm from the pollen fertilize the plant’s eggs, which lie in…
each seed can be planted and grown into a separate plant
cross pollination
to pollinate one plant with pollen of another plant; Mendel us…
self pollination
pollen from the male anthers of a plant falls on the female st…
ATP Synthase
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain (ETC)
Glycolysis
An enzyme that functions in cellular respiration by bringing t…
make 36 ATP out of glucose… breaks down glucose into energy
3rd stage 32 ATP… In inner membrane of mitochondria… Because hyd…
first step of cellular respiration… occurs in cytosol… Breaks gl…
ATP Synthase
An enzyme that functions in cellular respiration by bringing t…
Cellular Respiration
make 36 ATP out of glucose… breaks down glucose into energy
hydrocarbon
isomers
double bonds
functional group
an element with only hydrogen and carbon
molecules that have the same chemical formulas but differ in t…
atoms involved glare two pairs of electrons
a group of atoms that confers a social property on a carbon ba…
hydrocarbon
an element with only hydrogen and carbon
isomers
molecules that have the same chemical formulas but differ in t…
common descent with modification
natural selection
radiometric dating
morphology
particular groups, or species, of living things can undergo mo…
a process in which the differential adaptation of individual o…
a technique for determining the age of objects by measuring th…
the study of physical forms that organisms take
common descent with modification
particular groups, or species, of living things can undergo mo…
natural selection
a process in which the differential adaptation of individual o…
proton
neutron
electron
element
atom with a positive charge
atom with no charge
atom with a negative charge
a substance that is “pure” in that it cannot be reduced to any…
proton
atom with a positive charge
neutron
atom with no charge
genome
genes
enzymes
genetics
the complete collection of that organism’s genetic information
lie along the DNA’s double helix; contains information for rep…
the chemically active proteins that speed up chemical reaction…
the study of physical inheritance among living things
genome
the complete collection of that organism’s genetic information
genes
lie along the DNA’s double helix; contains information for rep…
Hypothesis
Theory
Falsifiable
Evidence
The third step in the Scientific Method, it is a tentative, te…
Is a general set of principles, supported by evidence that exp…
Any scientific hypothesis must be THIS, meaning open to negati…
Every assertion about the natural world is subject to challeng…
Hypothesis
The third step in the Scientific Method, it is a tentative, te…
Theory
Is a general set of principles, supported by evidence that exp…
genome
genes
enzymes
genetics
the complete collection of that organism’s genetic information
lie along the DNA’s double helix; contains information for rep…
the chemically active proteins that speed up chemical reaction…
the study of physical inheritance among living things
genome
the complete collection of that organism’s genetic information
genes
lie along the DNA’s double helix; contains information for rep…
eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells
nucleus
organelle
cells whose primary complement of DNA is enclosed within a nuc…
cells whose DNA is not enclosed within a nucleus; always singl…
a membrane lined compartment that encloses the primary complem…
a highly organized structure, internal to a cell, that serves…
eukaryotic cells
cells whose primary complement of DNA is enclosed within a nuc…
prokaryotic cells
cells whose DNA is not enclosed within a nucleus; always singl…
Four types of planets
Haploid
Diploid
Alternation of Generation
-Bryophytes… -Seedless vascular plants… -Gymnosperms… -Angiosperms
-Have a single set of chromosomes
-When haploids fuse an egg with two chromosomes is produced
-A life cycle practiced by plants where successive plant gener…
Four types of planets
-Bryophytes… -Seedless vascular plants… -Gymnosperms… -Angiosperms
Haploid
-Have a single set of chromosomes
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