ENGLISH FINAL (Exam) JANE EYRE Flashcard Example #57474

Jane Eyre
protagonist and narrator of the novel; forced to contend with oppression, inequality, and hardship; maintains her principles of justice, human dignity, and morality; values intellectual and emotional fulfillment; her strong belief in gender and social equality challenges the Victorian prejudices against women and the poor
Edward Rochester
Jane’s employer and the master of Thornfield; unconventional, ready to set aside polite manners, propriety, and consideration of social class in order to interact with Jane frankly and directly; rash and impetuous; spent much of his adult life roaming about Europe in an attempt to avoid the consequences of his youthful indiscretions; sympathetic figure because he has suffered for so long
St. John Rivers
serves as Jane’s benefactor after she runs away from Thornfield, giving her food and shelter; minister at Morton; cold, reserved, and controlling; alienated from his feelings; devoted solely to his ambition
Mrs. Reed
Jane’s cruel aunt; raises her at Gateshead; old woman who continues to resent Jane because her husband had always loved Jane more than his own children
Bessie Lee
maid at Gateshead; only figure in Jane’s childhood who regularly treats her kindly; marries Robert Leaven
Mr. Lloyd
Reed’s apothecary; suggests that Jane be sent away to school; clears Jane of Mrs. Reed’s charge that she is a liar
Georgiana Reed
Jane’s cousin; one of Mrs. Reed’s two daughters; very beautiful; treats Jane cruelly when they are children but later befriends her; attempts to elope but is sabotaged by her sister Eliza; eventually marries a wealthy man
Eliza Reed
Jane’s cousin; one of Mrs. Reed’s two daughters; devotes herself somewhat to the church; goes to a convent in France where she becomes the Mother Superior
John Reed
Jane’s cousin, Mrs. Reed’s son, brother to Eliza and Georgiana; treats Jane with appalling cruelty during their childhood; falls into a life of drinking and gambling; commits suicide midway through the novel when his mother ceases to pay his debts for him
Helen Burns
Jane’s close friend at Lowood school; endures her miserable life there with a passive dignity that Jane cannot understand; dies of consumption in Jane’s arms
Mr. Brockelhurst
cruel and hypocritical master of the Lowood School; preaches a doctrine of privation while stealing from the school to support his luxurious lifestyle; his shifty and dishonest practices are brought to light and he is publicly discredited
Maria Temple
a kind teacher at Lowood; treats Jane and Helen with respect and compassion; serves as one of Jane’s first positive female role models; helps clear Jane of Mrs. Reed’s accusations against her
Miss Scatcherd
Jane’s sour and vicious teacher at Lowood; behaves particularly cruel toward Helen
Alice Fairfax
housekeeper at Thornfield Hall; first to meet Jane at Thronfield and sends out reply to advertisement
Bertha Mason
Rochester’s clandestine wife; formerly beautiful and wealthy Creole woman who becomes insane; lives locked in a secret room guarded by Grace Poole; eventually burns down Thornfield plunging to her death in the flames
Grace Poole
Bertha Mason’s keeper at Thronfield; her carelessness sometimes allows for Bertha to escape
Adele Varens
Jane’s pupil at Thornfield; lively somewhat spoiled child from France; Rochester brought her to Thornfield after her mother, Celine, abandoned her; is not Rochester’s daughter
Celine Varens
French opera dancer whom Rochester once had an affair; claims Rochester is the father to her child when he is not but no on knows for sure (hhmmmm :/ sounds like a mystery to me! ok whatevs) ; abandons Adele
Sophie
Adele’s French nurse at Thornfield
Richard Mason
Bertha’s brother; after learning of Rochester’s intent to marry Jane he arrives with Briggs in order the thwart the wedding and reveal the truth
Mr. Briggs
John Eyre’s attorney, helps Richard Mason to prevent Jane’s wedding to Rochester; searches for Jane after John Eyre’s death to giver her, her inheritance
Blanche Ingram
a beautiful socialite who despises Jane and hopes to marry Rochester for his money
Diana Rivers
Jane’s cousin and sister of St. John and Mary; kind and intelligent person who urges Jane not to go to India; serves as a model for Jane of an intellectually gifted and independent woman
Mary Rivers
Jane’s cousin and sister of St. John and Diana; kind and intelligent woman who is forced to work as a governess after her father loses his fortune; like her sister she serves as a model for Jane and maintains close relationships with others and a sense of meaning in her lifeq
Rosamond Oliver
beautiful daughter of Mr. Oliver; Morton’s wealthiest inhabitant; gives money to the school in Morton where Jane works; she is in love with St. John but marries Mr. Granby
John Eyre
Jane’s uncle who leaves her his vast fortune of 20,000 pounds
Uncle Reed
Mrs. Reed’s late husband; Jane believes the feels the presence of his ghost; he was always fond of Jane and her mother (his sister); made his wife promise that she would raise Jane as her own child
Divorce laws in England of the 1800s
divorce was extremely hard to obtain during the Victorian Era; was socially unacceptable and would “put a stain on your name”; husband only had to prove adultery while wife had to prove five things: adultery, incest, bigamy, cruelty, and desertion; marriage commonly arranged by social status
doppelganger
“double walker”; refers to a character in the story that is a counterfeit or copy of a genuine character. usually has a different appearance but an earthly soul and supernatural deceiving ability; a ghostly double of a living person that haunts its living counterpart
byronic hero
charismatic characters with strong passions/beliefs who may act in ways which are contrary to mainstream society; tend to be fearless and volatile in emotion; has own philosophy which will not change for anyone; internal conflicts are heavily romanticized; broods over struggles and beliefs
elements in a gothic novel
– setting in a castle
– atmosphere of mystery and suspence
– ancient prophecy connected with castle
– omens, portents, visions
– supernatural events
– high, overwrought emotion
– women in distress
– women threatened by powerful male
– the metonymy of gloom and horror
elements of romance
– powerful love
– uncertainty of reciprocation
– unreturned love
– tension b/twn true love and father’s control
– lovers parted
– illicit love threatens the virtuous one
– rival lovers or multiple suitors
red room
symbolizes how society traps Jane by limiting her freedom due to her class, gender, and independent streak
fire and ice
firs is a symbol of emotion; Mr. Rochester has a fiery personality while St. John is associated with ice and snow, symbolizing his dispassionate characters. Jane draws arctic scenes in her portfolio that symbolize death; she wants the vitality that fir brings but also keep it under control
eyes/window/doors
eyes are the windows to the soul in Jane Eyre; Jane is especially attracted to Mr. Rochester’s black and brilliant eyes which symbolize his temper and power; after Mr. Rochester loses his eyesight in the fire, Jane becomes his eyes; Bertha has bloodshot eyes that match her violent nature
food
symbolizes generosity, nourishment, and bounty; hunger symbolizes cruelty and a lack of nourishment; Bronte uses food and hunger to reveal how people treat each other; the lack of food at Lowood reveals the school’s cruelty and religious hypocrisy; physical hunger also represents a deeper spiritual craving
the moon
strongest symbol in Jane Eyre; appears and disappears throughout the book; presence or absence is almost always significant; referred to as feminine or a maternal image
portraits and pictures/dreams
Jane visualizes her deepest feelings through dreams and drawings; Jane’s portfolio contains pictures that symbolize her life; portraits can also stand in for people’s characters; Jane compares portraits of herself and Blanche Ingram and her portrait of Rosamond Oliver is the closest St. John gets to happiness
Gateshead
autumn; inclusion vs. exclusion; head vs. heart
Lowood
wood represents nurturing; winter
Thornfield
love vs. hurt; good vs. bad; winter/summer (opposites)
Moor House
winter; dark marsh land; Rivers = rebirth, baptism
Ferndean
spring; new life renewed after baptism; dean = head of something; Jane is head of her life everything is in harmony

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