Ethics Chapter 7 Flashcard Example #26029

For Locke, every person has a distinct right to punish those who transgress the natural law.
True
The natural state of human liberty is a state of license according to Locke.
False
One philosopher who does not agree that there is such a thing as human nature is
Sartre
According to Rorty, there is no common human nature to use as a moral reference point.
True
One problem for natural rights theory is that not everyone agrees on what human nature requires.
True
Moral laws are descriptive generalizations of facts.
False
Existentialists like Sartre believe that essence precedes existence.
False
Moral requirements cannot be grounded in human nature according to natural rights theory.
False
“Laws of nature” is another way of referring to natural law theory.
False
According to Thomas Aquinas, humans are naturally inclined to be good based on reason.
True
The Declaration of Independence draws on the theory of
Locke
For Thomas Aquinas, all laws created by humans are derived from natural law.
False
The idea that the basic moral law can be known by human reason, and that we know what it requires by looking to human nature, are two of the tenets of natural law theory.
True
Locke argued all humans should be treated equally because we all have the same basic nature.
True

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