Hamlet Acts 2 & 3 Vocabulary Flashcard Example #17228

incontinent
lacking self-restraint
“You must not put another scandal on him that he is open to incontinency.” (2.1.29) synonyms: ungovernable, unsuppressed
assay
examination and determination as to characteristics
“And thus do we of wisdom and of reach, with windlasses and with assays of bias, by indirections find directions out.” (2.1.64)
synonyms: appraisal, assessment, evaluation
purport
meaning conveyed, professed, or implied
“Pale as his shirt; his knees knocking each other; and with a look so piteous in purport as if he had been loosed out of hell to speak of horrors.” (2.1.82)
synonyms: connotation, gist, idea, intention, message, point
perusal
to examine or consider with attention and in detail
“Then goes he to the length of all his arm, and, with his other hand thus o’er his brow, he falls to such perusal of my face as he would draw it.” (2.1.90)
synonyms: examination, inspection
levy
the enlistment or conscription of men for military service
“Upon our first, he sent out to suppress his nephew’s levies, which to him appeared to be a preparation ‘gainst the Polack” (2.2.62)
synonyms: draft
expostulate
discuss/examine
“My liege and madam, to expostulate what majesty should be, what duty is, why day is day, night night, and time is time, were nothing but to waste night, day, and time.” (2.2.98)
synonyms: argue, remonstrate
fain
with pleasure or by desire
“I would fain prove so.” (2.2.122)
synonyms: willing, inclined, minded
prescript
a rule
“And then I prescripts gave her, that she should lock herself from his resort, admit no messengers, receive no tokens.” (2.2.133)
synonyms: command, decree, law, regulation, statute
arras
a wall hanging or screen of tapestry
“Be you and I behind an arras then, mark the encounter.” (2.2.164)
synonyms: tapestry, draping
conjure
to charge or entreat earnestly or solemnly
“But let me conjure you, by the rights of our fellowship” (2.2.277)
synonyms: beseech, entreat, urge
consonance
harmony or agreement among components
“…by the consonancy of our youth…” (2.2.278)
synonyms: congruity, correspondence, harmony
promontory
a high point of land or rock projecting into a body of water
“this goodly frame, the earth, seems to me a sterile promontory” (2.2.290)
synonyms: bluff, cape, jetty, peninsula, point, ridge
pestilent
destructive of life
“why, it appears no other thing to me than a foul and pestilent congregation of vapors” (2.2.299)
synonyms: contaminating, corrupting, deadly,destructive, diseased
paragon
a model of excellence or perfection
“The paragon of animals.” (2.2.303)
synonyms:epitome, model, perfection
quintessence
the most typical example or representative
“And yet, to me, what is this quintessence of dust?” (2.2.304)
synonyms: epitome, essentiality
appurtenance
a subordinate part or adjunct
“Th’ appurtenance of welcome is fashion and ceremony.” (2.2.367)
synonyms: addition,component
gules
the heraldic color red
“Head to foot now is he total gules, horridly tricked with blood of fathers, mothers, daughters, sons” (2.2.438)
synonyms: red?
visage
the face, countenance, or appearance of a person
“But in a fiction, in a dream of passion, could force his soul so to his own conceit that from her working all his visage wanned,” (2.2.530)
synonyms: face, countenance
cleave
to divide by or as if by a cutting blow
“He would drown the stage with tears and cleave the general ear with horrid speech.” (2.2.539)
synonyms: sever
kite
a person who preys on others
“I should have fatted all the region kites with this slave’s offal” (2.2.556)
synonyms: vulture, shark
offal
the viscera and trimmings of a butchered animal removed in dressing
“I should have fatted all the region kites
With this slave’s offal” (2.2.557)
synonyms:carrion, remains, intestines, guts
lecherous
indicating inordinate indulgence in sexual activity
“Remorseless, treacherous, lecherous, kindless villain!” (2.2.541)
synonyms:libertine, unchaste, wanton
scullion
a kitchen helper
“And fall a-cursing like a very drab, a scullion!” (2.2.548)
synonyms: wretch
malefaction
evil deed
“They have proclaimed their malefactions” (2.2.553)
synonyms: lawlessness, outrage, unlawful act, wrongdoing
blench
to draw back or turn aside from lack of courage
“I’ll observe his looks. I’ll tent him to the quick. If he do blench, I know my course.” (2.2.558)
synonyms:cringe, tremble, wince
niggard
a meanly covetous and stingy person
“Niggard of question, but of our demands most free in his reply.” (3.1.14)
synonyms: scrooge
consummation
achievement
“’tis a consummation devoutly to be wished” (3.1.64)
synonyms: achievement
contumely
harsh language or treatment arising from haughtiness and contempt
“Th’ oppressor’s wrong, the proud man’s contumely” (3.1.72)
synonyms:abuse, arrogance, insolence, scorn
bourn
boundary or border
“The undiscovered country from whose bourn no traveler returns” (3.1.80)
synonyms: boundary, border
orison
prayer
“Nymph, in thy orisons be all my sins remembered” (3.1.90)
synonyms: prayer
calumny
a misrepresentation intended to harm another’s reputation
“Be thou as chaste as ice, as pure as snow, thou shalt not escape calumny” (3.1.138)
synonyms: defamation, lie
judicious
having, exercising, or characterized by sound judgment
” Now this overdone or come tardy off, though it make the unskillful laugh, cannot but make the judicious grieve” (3.2)
synonyms: careful, clear-sighted
clemency
an act or instance of leniency
“For us and for our tragedy, here stooping to your clemency, we beg your hearing patiently.” (3.2.137)
synonyms: grace, indulgence, lenience, mercifulness
beguile
to lead by deception
“My spirits grow dull, and fain I would beguile the tedious day with sleep” (3.2.214)
synonyms:con, deceive, manipulate, mislead, scam, trick
tedious
Causing fatigue, progressing slowly
“My spirits grow dull, and fain I would beguile the tedious day with sleep” (3.2.214)
syn. Dull, monotonous, dreary
choler
Thought to cause anger or bad temper
“For, for me to put him to his purgation would perhaps plunge him into far more choler” (3.2.286)
syn. extreme anger, fury, wrath
purgation
The act of purging, purification
“For, for me to put him to his purgation would perhaps plunge him into far more choler” (3.2.285)
syn. Cleansing, pardon, release
weal
Prosperity or well-being, the state
“That spirit upon whose weal depend the rest” (3.3.14)
syn. prosperity, wealth, profit
liege
word used by a vassal to address his superior or lord in the feudal system
“Fare you well, my liege” (3.3.34)
syn. Lord, leader, master
primal
Belonging to the earliest age
“It hath the primal eldest curse upon ‘t” (3.3.38)
syn. fundamental, old, original
hent
To seize or grasp
“Up, sword, and know thou a more horrid hent” (3.3.89)
syn. see definition
cozen
To lead on, a trick or a cheat
“That thus hath cozened you at hoodman-blind” (3.4.78)
syn. Deceive, con, fraud
tinet (tinct?)
Tinted or colored
“I see such black and grained spots as will not leave their tinct” (3.4.93)
syn. pigment, shade
tithe
one tenth
“A slave that is not twentieth part the tithe”
syn. 1/10, a tenth of
cutpurse
A pickpocket
“A cutpurse of the empire and the rule” (3.4.100)
syn. pocket picker, thief, wallet lifter
diadem
A crown
“That from a shelf the precious diadem stole” (3.4.101)
syn. headband adorned with jewels
chide
To rebuke or scold
“Do you not come your tardy son to chide” (3.4.108)
syn. condemn, reprimand, berate
whet
To make keen or eager
“This visitation is but to whet thy almost blunted purpose” (3.4.112)
syn. sharpen, hone, foster
incorporeal
Without material form, body, or substance
“That you do end your eye on vacancy and with th’ incorporal air do hold discourse” (3.4.119)
syn. bodiless, metaphysical, intangible
coinage
The act of inventing something (esp. a word/phrase)
“This is the very coinage of your brain” (3.4.139)
syn. contrivance, invention
gambol
Dancing around, skipping
“Bring me to the test, and I the matter will reword, which madness would gambol from” (3.4.146)
syn. bound, frolic, spring
unction
Anything soothing or comforting
“Lay not that flattering unction to your soul” (3.4.147)
syn. soother, remedy
cleft
A division formed by cleaving
“O Hamlet, thou hast cleft my heart in twain” (3.4.158)
syn. sever, chop, disunite
ravel
To make or become confused or complicated
“Make you to ravel all this matter out: That I essentially am not in madness But mad in craft” (3.4.190-192)
Syn. to involve, confuse, perplex
mandate
A command from a superior
“There’s letter sealed, and my two schoolfellows, whom I will trust as I will adders fanged, they bear the mandate” (3.4.207-209)
syn. authorization, commission, decree

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