Introduction to Anglo-Saxon Literature: Beowulf Flashcard Example #88853

Features of Anglo-Saxon culture:
– Warrior tribes
– Lords and thanes
– Gift-giving
– Hospitality and feasts
– Pagan and Christian traditions
Which are features of Anglo-Saxon culture? Check all that apply.
A society organized into warrior tribes
An emphasis on gift-giving and hospitality
A mixture of pagan and Christian traditions
Beowulf is an Anglo-Saxon poem that was written down in about 1000 CE
True
The story is:
– Set in sixth-century Scandinavia
– Describes the heroic deeds of a warrior named Beowulf
– Blends elements of Pagan and Christian culture
The plot of Beowulf:
– Hrothgar is the King of the Danes
– Heorot, Hrothgar’s hall, is under attack by a monster named Grendel
– Beowulf, a famous warrior, belongs to a tribe called the Geats
– Beowulf defeats Grendel and then defeats Grendel’s mother
– Beowulf becomes King of the Geats and slays a dragon
Beowulf:
A Geat who wins three major battles
Grendel:
A monster who attacks Heorot
Heorot:
Hrothgar’s hall
Hrothgar:
The King of the Danes
An inference is ________
A conclusion that can be drawn based on evidence in a text
Read the passage about Beowulf’s followers. Which inference is best supported by the passage?
The warriors are disciplined and well equipped.
Which evidence from the passage best supports the inference that the thanes are loyal and obedient to their leader? Check all that apply.
“Surrounded closely / by his powerful thanes”
“Led by their prince”
Which feature of Anglo-Saxon culture is reflected in the passage?

“I will take this message,
in accordance with your wish, to our noble king,
our dear lord, friend of the Danes,
the giver of rings.”

The expectation that a king gives gifts to his thanes
Which evidence from the passage best supports the inference that Hrothgar is a generous king?
“There’s nothing you wish for / that won’t be yours if you win”
Read Beowulf’s account of his battle at sea. Which inference is best supported by the passage?

Often, for undaunted courage,
fate spares the man it has not already marked.
However it occurred, my sword had killed
nine sea-monsters. Such night-dangers
and hard ordeals I have never heard of
nor of a man more desolate in surging waves.
But worn out as I was, I survived,
came through with my life.

Beowulf is stronger and braver than the average warrior.
Which additional evidence from the text best supports the inference that Beowulf is stronger and braver than the average warrior?
“I hereby renounce / sword and the shelter of the broad shield, / the heavy war-broad: hand-to-hand / is how it will be, a life-and-death / fight with the fiend.”
Which feature of Anglo-Saxon culture is reflected in the passage?

My household-guard
are on the wane, fate sweeps them away
into Grendel’s clutches—
but God can easily
halt these raids and harrowing attacks!

The blending of pagan and Christian traditions
Old English:
Beowulf was written in Old English, the language was spoken in Britain until about 1100 CE
Which statement accurately describes the relationship of Old English to modern English?
Old English is a Germanic language, while modern English is heavily influenced by French.
Alliteration is _______
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or stressed syllables in a line of poetry
Write two to three sentences explaining what you notice about the language of the poem.
I can hear that Beowulf uses alliteration and a pattern of stressed syllables. The language of the poem does not sound much like modern English, likely because Old English is more closely related to Germanic languages.

* The poem uses alliteration.
* The poem relies on a pattern of stressed syllables.
* There are pauses.
* The language of the poem sounds very different from modern English.

What connections can you make between Beowulf and Anglo-Saxon culture?
Beowulf can help readers understand many features of Anglo-Saxon culture, such as an emphasis on hospitality and gift-giving and the mixing of Pagan and Christian traditions
The passage features Anglo-Saxon culture because people are

Then it was like old times in the echoing hall,
proud talk and the people happy,
loud and excited; until soon enough
Halfdane’s heir had to be away
to his night’s rest. He realized
that the demon was going to descend on the hall,
that he had plotted all day, from dawn-light
until darkness gathered again over the world
and stealthy night-shapes came stealing forth
under the cloud-murk.

Feasting
Both Old English and modern English poetry use alliteration, which is
The repetition of consonant sounds.
When a student studies the way the English language has evolved, the student is studying English’s
Development.
Which inference is most supported by the passage?

Wealhtheow came in,
Hrothgar’s queen, observing the courtesies.
Adorned in her gold, she graciously saluted
the men in hall, then handed the cup
first to Hrothgar, their homeland’s guardian,
urging him to drink deep and enjoy it
because he was dear to them. And he drank it down
like the warlord he was, with festive cheer.
So the Helming woman went on her rounds,
queenly and dignified, decked out in rings,
offering the goblet to all ranks,
treating the household and the assembled troop
until it was Beowulf’s turn to take it from her hand.
With measured words she welcomed the Geat
and thanked God for granting her wish
that a deliverer she could believe in would arrive
to ease their afflictions.

Wealhtheow has not been impressed by the men who have fought Grendel up to this point.
Which feature of Anglo-Saxon culture is described in the excerpt?

So the Helming woman went on her rounds,
queenly and dignified, decked out in rings,
offering the goblet to all ranks,
treating the household and the assembled troop
until it was Beowulf’s turn to take it from her hand.

A gift-giving
Which interpretation of Beowulf does the passage best support?

“It bothers me to have to burden anyone
with all the grief Grendel has caused
and the havoc he has wreaked upon us in Heorot,
our humiliations. My household-guard
are on the wane, fate sweeps them away
into Grendel’s clutches—
but God can easily
halt these raids and harrowing attacks!

While reading Beowulf, the reader encounters aspects of Anglo-Saxon culture such as Christian and Pagan traditions.
Which excerpt from the modern translation of Beowulf most strongly reflects the half-line style of Old English poetry?
“will go and ask him
about your coming here, then hurry back”
Old English developed from ________ tribes
Germanic
The passage supports the inference that Unferth is

From where he crouched at the king’s feet,
Unferth, a son of Ecglaf’s, spoke
contrary words. Beowulf’s coming,
his sea-braving, made him sick with envy:
he could not brook or abide the fact
that anyone else alive under heaven
might enjoy greater regard than he did:

Petty.
Which feature of Old English poetry did this modern translation maintain?

They marched in step,
hurrying on till the timbered hall
rose before them, radiant with gold.
Nobody on earth knew of another
building like it. Majesty lodged there,
its light shone over many lands.

Alliteration

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