“… gave me credit for being a sort of infantile Guy Fawkes.” (Pg. 25)
History: Guy fawkes is the infamous english man who attenpted to blow up the parliment in the 17th century.
In the novel: jane finds humor in the fact that abbot compares her to Guy Fawkes. Bronte’s comparison between jane and fawkes helps to illustrate the foolishness and close-minded attitudes of abbot’s character.
“enactment of the part of Eutychus”
Biblical allusion: Eutychus is a character in a quirky story who dies while listening to a sermon.
In the novel: Jane compares the girls on a Sunday evening at church to Eutychus to demonstrate how tired and sleepy they were.
“I began… to feel that the rubicon was passed.”
Julius Ceaser crossing a river, the rubicon to start a civil war.
In the novel: Jane dropping the slate meant that the conflict between her and brocklehurst could not be avoided
“even as the Jews of old sent their diseased to the trouble pool of Bethesda”
Bible: The pool of Bethesda was a pool back in bible times to which the sick of every kind were carried to. They were carried on mats and set at the side of the pool. Every once in a while an angel would stir the water and at the moment, whoever stepped in would be healed.
In the novel: when Jane arrives at lowood, she learns that mrs reed sent her there to heal of her “evil”
” we feasted that evening as on nectar and ambrosia”
Greek mythology: nectar was the beverage of gods and ambrosia was the food of gods
In the novel: Jane provides a comparison of the food quality they were eating as they hardly received food at lowood. Hence, the little food they got felt heavenly
“Prints…. a representation of the death of Wolfe”
History: death of general james Wolfe in the seven years war
In the novel: setting up the scene for the reading and showing the historical pieces of thornfield
“Chests… looking… like the types of he hebrew ark”
Bible: ornate symbols were on the Jewish ark of covenant that had the tabernacle with god living in it.
In the novel: These chests are very grand and ornate, Jane is shocked by how grand thornfield is
“Two rows of small black doors all shut, like a corridor in some bluebeard’s castle”
Fairy tale: Charles perrault’s “Bluebeard” tale, an ugly man wishes to take his neighbor’s daughter as his wife. When they get married, one day he let the wife open every door except one in his castle. When he was gone, she opened it and found dead bodies
In the novel: jane’s questions about grace’s laughs and her not going to the third floor into bertha’s room
” the mountain will never be brought to mahomet”
Biblical: Mohammad needed proof, he ordered the mountain to come to him, it didn’t come and he was happy because it would’ve destroyed him
In the novel: in comparison, Rochester makes his horse the mountain and moves himself towards it. Bronte supports the size of the task and suggests that Rochester is ashamed to be asking for help.
” like hearth that, in the wilderness/ the wild wind whirls away”
A poem called “fallen is thy throne” by sir Thomas Moore. The poem speaks about how something brilliant was once there but as time changes it goes away in a blink of an eye.
In the novel: when Jane and Rochester first meet and how Jane helped him up. One moment Rochester was right in front of her and the next, he was on his way and she believed he was gone forever.
“I pass a law, unalterable as that of Medes and Persians”
Biblical: man in Esther divorced his wife and has to have it written in the laws that are never unwritten/ changed
In the novel: Rochester’s aims and motives are meant to be decent but now he realizes that he is going to move on and enjoy
” as job’s leviathan broke the spear, the dart, and the Habergeon”
Biblical: the leviathan is a giant sea monster described in the book of job in the Old Testament. He was a beast/Satan
In the novel: Mr Rochester here is saying that after the ordeal with his french mistress, Celine varens, he wished to be more stronger like the leviathan
” a shore, sweet as the hills of Beulah”
Fairy tale allusion to Matilda
In the novel: describing her current conflict with her relationship with Rochester. Jane reaching the “shore” represent Rochester’s love and affection back to her. The hills represent how beautiful the relationship would end up
“Who would not be the Rizzio of So divine a mary”
History: event during the reign of Mary, queen of scots. David rizzio, an Italian singer and musician, who became a favorite of mary And was assassinated by Mary’s second husband.
In the novel: Rochester tries to make Jane jealous by making he reference and applying it to him and Blanche
” the fiddler David… black bothwell.. James Hepburn”
In the novel: blanche is implying, in the course of her flirtation with Rochester, that he is wild, uncontrollable and brutal man of her dreams.
Nero and Caligula
Mentioned in connection with John reed, these notorious Roman leaders were known for excessively spending and being a part of evil deeds
A biblical city in shinar where the building of a tower is held in genesis to have been halted by the confusion of tongues
In the novel: Jane makes this reference to describe the chaos at lowood
Biblical: a Persian king described in the Bible who owned a massive amount of land stretching from India to Ethiopia. He was defensive of his land and tried to protect it.
In the novel: mr Rochester is jokingly accusing Jane and saying that she’s there because she wants half of his estate.
I shall rise again