Life Science Chapter 1 Flashcard Example #9062

science
A way of learning about the natural world and the knowledge gained through the process., Body of knowledge based on the study of nature
observing
The process of using one or more of your senses to gather information
quantitative observation
An observation that deals with a number or amount
qualitative observation
An observation that deals with characteristics that cannot be expressed in numbers.
inferring
The process of making an inference, an interpretation based on observations and prior knowledge.
predicting
The process of forecasting what will happen in the future based on past experience or evidence.
classifying
The process of grouping things based on their similarities.
making models
The process of creating representations of complex objects or processes.
scale models
A model that accurately shows the proportions between its parts.
life science
The study of living things.
biology
The study of life.
organism
A living thing.
development
The process of change that occurs during an organism’s life to produce a more complex organism.
structure
The way that an organism is put together as a whole.
function
A process that enables an organism to survive.
complementary
Working together to meet the needs of an organism, as structure and function do.
scientific inquiry
The diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on evidence they gather.
hypothesis
A possible explanation for a set of observations or answer to a scientific question, must be testable.
variable
A factor in an experiment that can change.
controlled experiment
An experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a time.
control
The part of the experiment to which you can compare the results of the other tests., the standard to which the outcome of a test is compared
manipulated variable
The one factor that a scientist changes during an experiment; also called independent variable.
responding variable
The factor that changes as a result of change to the manipulated, or independent variable in an experiment; also called dependent variable.
operational definition
A statement that describes how to measure a particular variable or how to define a particular term
data
Facts, figures, and other evidence gathered through observations.
communicating
The process of sharing ideas with others through writing and speaking.

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