M05 – Ch. 7 + Ch. 8 Flashcard Example #12933

One philosopher who does not agree that there is such a thing as human nature is
Sartre
Evolutionary theory may present a challenge to natural law theory.
True
Existentialists like Sartre believe that essence precedes existence.
False
The idea that the basic moral law can be known by human reason and that we know what it requires by looking to human nature are two of the tenets of natural law theory.
True
Civil law is prescriptive and as such tells us how we ought to behave.
True
The natural state of human liberty is a state of license according to Locke.
False
According to Thomas Aquinas, humans are naturally inclined to be good based on reason.
True
For Thomas Aquinas all laws created by humans are derived from natural law.
False
Moral requirements cannot be grounded in human nature according to natural rights theory.
False
“Laws of nature” is another way of referring to natural law theory.
False
Moral laws are descriptive generalizations of fact.
False
According to Rorty, there is no common human nature to use as a moral reference point.
True
One problem for natural rights theory is that not everyone agrees on what human nature requires.
True
For Locke every person has a distinct right to punish those who transgress the natural law.
True
According to the text, in the USA to say we value courage, patriotism, and loyalty would suggest we are…
A Warlike Society
Virtue ethics helps us determine
How we ought to be
Virtue ethics emphasizes how we should determine what is the right thing to do.
False
Pride is the virtue between ______ and ______
Humility and Vanity
Which of the following was not mentioned by MacKinnon as an example of the focus of virtue ethics?
How to pick a side in the debate of a major social issue.
According to Philippa Foot a virtue is a perfection of
Will
Virtues are positive traits of character.
True
Which virtue does Philippa Foot identify as benefiting community rather than self?
Charity
The virtue of courage should enable one to face danger.
True
The opposite of virtue is weakness.
False
According to Aristotle the good is
The end to which all things aim

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