Shakespeare, Julius Caesar (Characters & Terms) Flashcard Example #89505

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Roman statesman; assassinated by Brutus, Cassius, and others on March 15, 44 BCE
Julius Caesar
leading conspirator against Caesar; kills himself at Philippi in Act V; “the noblest Roman of them all”
Marcus Brutus
leading conspirator against Caesar; “has a lean and hungry look”; kills himself at Philippi in Act V
Caius Cassius
Brutus’ wife; kills herself by swallowing hot coals
Portia
Caesar’s wife; dreams of Caesar’s assassination before it happens
Calpurnia
name of both a conspirator against Caesar and a Roman poet
Cinna
friend of Caesar; delivers eulogy of Caesar at his funeral; later became part of the so-called second triumvirate
Marc Antony
adopted son of Caesar; later became part of the so-called second triumvirate
Octavius Caesar
Roman statesman; member of the so-called first triumvirate with Caesar; died during a civil war against Caesar; Caesar dies at the base of his statue.
Pompey
Term used to describe a Roman common person.
Plebeian
Term used to describe a Roman upper-class person.
Patrician
Name of the character who warned Caesar to “Beware the ides of March.”
Soothsayer
This is the annual Roman festival honoring the fertility god Lupercus.
Lupercal
This is the river that divides Rome into east and west.
Tiber
This is the setting for Acts 1-3 of Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar.
Rome
This is the location of Brutus and Cassius’ defeat by the three triumvirs in 42 BCE.
Philippi
famous Roman orator put to death during the proscription by the second triumvirate
Cicero
Term meaning “three men”; Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus are the “three men” in the play.
Triumvirs
A city in western Turkey where the conspirators have their camp in Act IV
Sardis
The member of the second triumvirate whom Antony describes as an “ass.”
Lepidus
Brutus sees me at the end of Act IV; I told him I would see him at Philippi.
Ghost of Caesar
The term used to describe how the three triumvirs decide whom to kill in Act IV.
Proscription
The “falling sickness” from which Caesar suffered
Epilepsy
The conspirators thought Caesar wanted to become this.
King
The conspirators thought Caesar had too much of this.
Ambition
The way in which Cassius, Brutus, and Portia die.
Suicide
Wanted to warn Caesar by letter about the conspirators
Artemidorus
In Act III, Antony says that those who killed Caesar were “all _____ men.”
honourable
Banquo’s ghost is to Macbeth as ____ is to Brutus.
Caesar’s ghost
The Weird Sisters are to Macbeth as ____ is the Caesar.
the Soothsayer (“Beware the Ides of March”)
Macbeth is to Duncan as _____ is to Caesar.
Brutus and the other conspirators
What role does ambition play in the respective murders of Duncan and Julius Caesar?
Macbeth kills Duncan because he is ambitious. Macbeth wants to become king. Brutus kills Julius Caesar because Brutus fears that Caesar is ambitious and will eventually make himself king of Rome (the ancient Romans had driven out their kings about 460 years earlier and did NOT want a return to the time of kings).
What role does conspiracy play in the lives of Macbeth and Julius Caesar?
Macbeth and Lady Macbeth conspire to kill King Duncan. Ultimately, Macduff and Malcolm “conspire” to kill Macbeth. Brutus and Cassius conspire to kill Julius Caesar. Ultimately, Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus “conspire” to kill Brutus and Cassius (although Brutus and Cassius both commit suicide before their armies are defeated).
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