Sociology Chapter 3, 4, 6, & 7 Flashcard Example #88810

According to reports of _____ children, they w7lked on 7ll fours, growled, 7nd showed no sensitivity to cold.
_____ intrigue sociological researchers, particularly those separated at birth.
Identical twins
Isolated children require _____ to develop.
Apparently, having a reasonable level of _____ depends on early, close relations with other people.
After several years of foster care, children in the study in Bucharest (discussed in the text)had _____ brain cells than children who stayed in the orphanage.
The Harlows took baby monkeys away from their mothers to live alone, frightened them, and observed that the babies clung to terrycloth fake mothers rather than wire fake mothers. The experiment intended to prove what might already have been obvious—that infants need to be?
The term _____ was coined by Charles Cooley.
looking-glass self
When is the development of self- concept finished?
George Herbert Mead was a(n)
Symbolic Interactionist, concluded how important play is in developing a self. Believed that people develop their self-images through their interactions with other people. He said that the self consists of two parts: the “I” and the “Me.” The “I” initiates action. The “Me” continues, interrupts, or changes action depending on others’ reactions.
Mead stressed that we cannot think without _____, and that _____ gives us our symbols (language).
Symbols ; Society
The term generalized other refers to
our perception of how people in general think of us
_____ studied the natural process that children go through to develop their ability to reason.
The first of Piaget?s developmental stages is the _____ stage.
Psychoanalysis was developed by
Sigmund Freud
In Freud?s psychoanalysis, the _____ causes us to seekself- gratification.
The _____, as viewed by Freud, is the balancing force in our personality.
In Freud?s terms, culture within us is represented by the
According to Lawrence Kohlberg, when children have learned the rules and follow them in order to stay out of trouble, children are in the _____ stage.
Preconventional stage 2
In Kohlberg?s theory, children in the _____ stage focus on personal needs to be satisfied and recognize no right and wrong.
Preconventional stage 1
What are the emotions identified by Paul Ekman as being universal.
disgust, sadness, happiness,fear,anger, surprise
Learning the gender map is known as
Gender socialization
Little Jo got dolls and jewelry for presents. Her brother, Joe, got action figures and toy guns. Such 7 division in toys and play give children_____ lessons.
The sworn virgins of Albania are treated by people in their society as
Individuals of roughly the same age who are linked by common interests make up a
Peer group
The dilemma presented to women by _____ is that a model is thrust before them that is almost impossible to replicate in real life.
Mass media
Individuals and groups that influence our orientations to life are called
Agents of socialization
To keep their children in line, sociologist Melvin Kohn found that _____ parents tend to use physical punishment.
Working class
Concerning the effects of day care, researchers have found that
We may be producing a generation of smart but mean children
The manifest function of formal education refers to
education’s intended purpose
Unintended consequences of schools, or _____ functions, help the social system.
latent functions
Alfonzo was in sixth grade. Some of the stories that his teachers told when teaching English, history, and math included lessons in patriotism and honesty, which were part of the school?s
Hidden curriculum
Bill heard, as part of the _____ curriculum in his school, that certain races were not as good as others, and that coolness was the key to everything.
Sociological research has found that children from poor neighborhoods are _____ to get in difficulty with the law, and that parenting is _____ in the poor neighborhoods.
more likely; more difficult
When you learn to play a role before entering it, this is known as
anticipatory socialization.
_____ refers to learning new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors to match a new situation not normally encountered in one?s life.
An example of a total institution would be
An attempt to remake the self by stripping away an individual?s current identity and stamping a new one in its place is
A degrading ceremony
A total institution leaves an indelible mark on a person?s self. The mark can be imposed quickly or in a more prolonged process. In _____, the process is brutal and prolonged.
A significant sociological point about the life course is that it
affects your behavior and orientations
Childhood really is
a. not much more than biology.
b. A defined sequence of events independent of history.
c. socially universal.
d. more than biology.
Transitional adulthood covers ages
Ages 30 to 49 in the life course are known as the _____ years.
A fundamental shift in thinking —from the time since our birth to the time we have left to live— occurs in
The later middle years
A new life stage that seems to be evolving is the _____ years.
transitional older years
The later older years begin at about age
The later older years
a. Are reached by everyone.
b. remain an abstract concept.
c. are really part of late middle age.
d. end the same for everyone who enters that stage.
D. end the same for everyone who enters that stage.
_____factors influence our life course.
self concept
The individual’s belief about himself or herself, including the person’s attributes and who and what the self is
self esteem
one’s feelings of high or low self-worth
self presentation
presenting the person we would like others to believe we are
Subjective self-awareness
Ability to differentiate the self from the social and physical environment
Objective self-awareness
A state in which one becomes conscious of oneself as the object of other people’s judgment.
Symbolic self awareness
The ability to think about oneself and use language (symbols) to represent oneself to others
Theory of Mind
Ability to reason about what other people know or believe
The “me” according to Mead is demonstrated by
Internalized social roles
The “I” according to Mead impacts the self by,
creative, impulsive, imaginative, spontaneous
Object permanence is
understanding that objects continue to exist even when they cannot be observed
Which is the correct sequence of stages that individuals go through in cognitive development according to Piaget?
Concrete operational.
Formal operational.

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