Sonnets / Romeo & Juliet Flashcard Example #26683

What is a sonnet?
A sonnet is a 14 line poem having one of several rhyme schemes
How many sonnets did Shakespeare write?
Shakespeare wrote over 130 sonnets
What were sonnets from the Renaissance Era constructed with?
Iambic Pentameter
How many syllables is an Iamb?
2 syllables – an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.
What does Penta mean?
five
What does Meter mean?
a unit of measurement called feet or measures
What does one iamb equal?
one foot or measure
What is making a sonnet in this way called?
it is called scanning a poem or scansion of a poem
What does scansion involve?
Scansion involves finding stanza length, rhyme scheme, meter, and beats in a poem.
What do sonnets consist of?
similar groupings (shapes) much like stanzas in modern day poetry; however, no matter the grouping (shape), there must be 14 lines.
2 lines = ?
couplet
4 lines = ?
quatrain
6 lines = ?
sestet
8 lines = ?
octet
What is the #1 mistake people make reading Shakespeare?
They stop at the end of lines. *use punctuation to determine stopping points
, (comma)
pause (connects a list or multiple ideas)
; (semicolon)
connects idea; keep reading
. (period)
stops thought
: (colon)
list, explains something previously thought
How many types of sonnets are there?
3
How are each types of sonnets different?
each has a difference rhyme scheme and, shape, but each still has only 14 lines.
What does a Petrarchan (Italian) Sonnet consist of?
One Octet in which a problem is raised
One sestet in which a solution is given
Rhyme scheme: abba abba = octet
What does a Shakespearian (English) Sonnet consist of?
Three quatrains
one couplet in which a comment about the situation is made
rhyme scheme: abad cdcd efef = 3 quatrains
What does a Spenserian Sonnet consist of?
three quatrains
one couplet in which a comment about the situation is made.
**has a linking rhyme scheme
rhyme scheme: abab bcbc cdcd = 3 quatrains
What are the qualities of the Petrarchan Lady?
blond hair
blue eyes
red lips
rosy cheeks
fair skin
curves
aloof, but not stupid
Popular sonnet themes
Love at first sight
Beauty of a women
Unattainable love
Performing great deeds – virtue vs. desire
Lady’s death or absence
Lady as inspiration for the poet
Forced platonic relationship (we’re just friends, well, kinda)
Some popular sonneteers are…
Sir Thomas Wyatt
Sir Edmund Spencer
William Shakespeare
Sir Phillip Sidney
Aside
adise happens when a character’s dialogue is spoken but not heard by the other actors on the stage. Asides are useful for giving the audience special information about the other characters onstage or the action of the plot. (short speech; time out)
Monologue
any longer speech addressed by a character to a second person. (both audience and characters can hear this)
Soliloquy
a device often used in drama when character speaks to himself or herself, relating thoughts and feelings, thereby also sharing them with the audience (alone onstage)
Blank verse
un-rhyming iambic pentameter. In poetry and prose, it has a consistent meter with 10 syllables in each line; where, unstressed syllables are followed by stressed ones and five of which are stressed but do not rhyme.
Prologue
a preface or introduction to a literary work. The term describes speech, often in verse, addressed to the audience by one or more of the actors at the opening of a play.
Dramatic irony
occurs when the audience knows something the characters do not. Because of this understanding, the words of the characters take on a different meaning.
Verbal irony
in which a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is opposite of the literal meaning.
Romeo
A young man of about sixteen, Romeo is handsome, intelligent, and sensitive.
Lord Montague
Romeo’s father, and bitter enemy of Capulet. He is chiefly concerned about Romeo’s melancholy.
Lady Montague
Romeo’s mother, Montague’s wife. She dies of grief after Romeo is exiled from Verona.
Mercutio
A kinsman to the Prince, and Romeo’s close friend. Overflows with imagination, and wit. Can be hotheaded, and hates people who are affected, pretentious, or obsessed with the latest fashions.
Benvolio
Montague’s nephew, Romeo’s cousin and thoughtful friend, he makes a genuine effort to defuse violent scenes in public places, though Mercutio accuses him of having a nasty temper in private.
Balthasar
Romeo’s dedicated servant, who brings Romeo the news of Juliet’s death, unaware that her death is a ruse.
Friar Lawrence
Friend to both Romeo and Juliet. Kind, civic-minded, a proponent of moderation, and always ready with a plan, Friar Lawrence secretly marries the impassioned lovers in hopes that the union might eventually bring peace to Verona.
Juliet
Falls in love with Romeo. Daughter of Capulet and Lady Capulet. Thirteen years old, shows amazing courage in trusting her entire life and future to Romeo
Lord Capulet
Father of Juliet, husband of Lady Capulet, and enemy, for unexplained reason, of Montague. Often prudent, he commands respect and propriety, but he is liable to fly into a rage when either is lacking. He is not well acquainted with Juliet’s thoughts or feelings.
Lady Capulet
Juliet’s mother, Capulet’s wife. She is eager to see her daughter marry Paris. She is an ineffectual mother, relying on the Nurse for more moral and pragmatic support.
Paris
A kinsman of the Prince, and the suitor of Juliet most preferred by Capulet. Once Capulet has promised him he can marry Juliet, he behaves very presumptuous toward her.
Nurse
Juliet’s nurse, the women who breastfed Juliet when she was a baby and has cared for Juliet her entire life. A vulgar, long-winded, and sentimental character, who provided comic relief with her inappropriate remarks and speeches.
Tybalt
A Capulet, Juliet’s cousin on her mother’s side. Vain, fashionable, supremely aware of courtesy and the lack of it, becomes aggressive, violent, and quick to draw his sword when he feels his pride has been injured. He loathes Montagues.
The Prince
The Prince of Verona. A kinsman of Mercutio and Paris. As the seat of political power in Verona, he is concerned about maintaining the public peace at all costs.
Denouement
To unravel how all of the events are connected
Tragic hero
A character of nobility or rank whose tragic flaw leads to his/her downfall or death
Tragic flaw / fatal flaw
The character trait that leads to the character’s downfall or death
Comic relief
Character uses this to break up a heavy scene with humor

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