The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne: STUDY GUIDE Flashcard Example #72660

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1804
The author of The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne, was born in Salem, Massachussetts, in ___________.
Reluctant
The author of The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne, was a ___________ Romantic. He agreed with the Romantic emphasis on emotion and the individual; however, he didn’t see these as completely isolated forces.
Sin
The author of The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne, examined the psychological effect of ___________ and guilt on human life.
Emotions
The author of The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne, focused on human ___________(s) rather than on actions.
Symbolic
The Scarlet Letter was America’s first ___________ novel. This is due to the fact that it is rich with imagery and contains similes, metaphors, and personification.
Critic
The Scarlet Letter included elements from Hawthorne’s perspective of Puritans. He was called “the ___________ of Puritans” because he hated the intolerance and hypocrisy that he saw.
Themes
___________(s) to watch for in The Scarlet Letter include sin, guilt, repentance/lack of repentance, legalism, and alienation.
Psychological
The Scarlet Letter is a ___________ novel. It “contrasts Puritan morality with passion and individualism”. It is “a tale of human frailty and sorrow”.
Utopia
This means an ideal place.
Isaac Johnson’s lot
Johnson was a colonist who died within months of arriving in New England”.
Portal
This means doorway.
Ann Hutchinson
She was a religious leader banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony because of her beliefs. In 1637, she bypassed the official church and began teaching her own theories in home Bible classes with women and their husbands. She was accused of threatening the established religion and of being more a “husband than a wife.”
Physiognomies
This means faces or figures.
Antinomian Religionist
This means people who did not follow Puritan moral or religious law.
Mistress Hibbins
She was a widow of a prominent Boston merchant, she was tried as a witch, condemned, and hanged in 1656.
Magistrate
This means a person in a civil office with the power to enforce the law.
Farthingale
This means hoops worn under skirts.
Malefactresses
These mean female criminals or evildoers.
Town-Beadle
This means messenger of a court of law.
Sumptuary
This means regulating extravagance on religious grounds.
Meridian
This means noon.
Pillory
This means a wooden device with openings for the hands and the head, used to confine minor offenders and to display them for public scorn and ridicule.
Contumely
This means humiliating treatment.
Phantasmagoric
This means a sequence of haphazard or fantastic images, as seen in dreams or fever.
Cloister
This means a place, especially a monastery or a convent, devoted to religious seclusion.
Continental City
Many colonists had emigrated from Britain to the Dutch city of Amsterdam before coming to the New World”.
Religious
(a) Drawing from previous study, explain why the Puritans came to New England. (b) How does this relate to the statement, “The founders of a new colony, whatever Utopia of human virtue and happiness they might originally project…” (33).

(a) To escape ___________ persecution and be a “City on a Hill”. (b) They thought they were making a clean slate but they built a jail and cemetery.

Sad
Hawthorne spends a great deal of time on the setting in order to create a particular mood with which to begin the novel. (a) Describe the overall mood established in chapter one. (b) What is the condition of the Prison and the grounds surrounding it, and what is the significance of describing it as such?

(a) The overall mood established in chapter one is ___________, bland, and pessimistic.

(b) The condition of the Prison and the grounds surrounding it are unkempt and overgrown. The significance of describing it as such shows that the Prison and the grounds surrounding it are not places that someone would want to be.

A
(a) Are the women happy with the way in which Hester has been punished? (b) Explain their reaction and possible reasons for them responding in this way.

(a) No. The women are not happy with the way in which Hester has been punished. They believe her judgment is too light.

(b) The women in the crowd make disparaging comments about Hester. They particularly criticize her for the ornateness of the embroidered badge on her chest—a letter “___________” stitched in gold and scarlet.

Sin
(a) Describe Hester’s demeanor and apparent attitude as she appears from behind the prisoner door (36). (b) How has Hester used the Scarlet Letter itself as a way to stand up against the “sumptuary regulations of the colony” (37)?

(a) Hester simply accepts the “___________” that she has committed in the same way as she accepts her child.

(b) Hester uses the symbol of the Scarlet Letter as a part of herself.

Isolation
How has Prison life seem to have affected Hester so far? Cite specific passages to support your answer.

“It had the effect of a spell, taking her out of the ordinary relations with humanity and enclosing her in a sphere by herself (37).” Prison life has put Hester in an unfortunate state of ___________, therefore alienating her from others in her community.

Punishment
Cite some examples that show the Puritan’s preferred practice of public humiliation as ___________ for sin (and please pardon the alliteration).

“It might be, that an Antinomian, a Quaker, or other heterodox religionist, was to be scourged out of the town, or an idle and vagrant Indian, whom the white man’s fire-water had made riotous about the streets, was to be driven with stripes into the shadow of the forest (34).”

???
(a) To what famous mother is Hester linked? (b) Analyze this connection as the narrator explains it.

???

Childhood
(a) What kinds of things are flashing through Hester’s mind as she stands on the scaffold before the crowd? (b) Why might these things be occurring to her now? (c) Do you get the feeling that Hester has (or at least had) an American Dream? Please explain your response.

(a) The kinds of things that are flashing through Hester’s mind are memories of a ___________ in England, a marriage in Europe, and a journey to America.

(b) These might be occurring to her now because she reminisces as she walks through the crowd.

(c) I get the feeling that Hester had an American Dream because she has all of these memories of her early life. A key memory that connects to her having an American Dream is her actually journeying to America.

1804
The author of The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne, was born in Salem, Massachussetts, in ___________.
Reluctant
The author of The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne, was a ___________ Romantic. He agreed with the Romantic emphasis on emotion and the individual; however, he didn’t see these as completely isolated forces.
Sin
The author of The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne, examined the psychological effect of ___________ and guilt on human life.
Emotions
The author of The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne, focused on human ___________(s) rather than on actions.
Symbolic
The Scarlet Letter was America’s first ___________ novel. This is due to the fact that it is rich with imagery and contains similes, metaphors, and personification.
Critic
The Scarlet Letter included elements from Hawthorne’s perspective of Puritans. He was called “the ___________ of Puritans” because he hated the intolerance and hypocrisy that he saw.
Themes
___________(s) to watch for in The Scarlet Letter include sin, guilt, repentance/lack of repentance, legalism, and alienation.
Psychological
The Scarlet Letter is a ___________ novel. It “contrasts Puritan morality with passion and individualism”. It is “a tale of human frailty and sorrow”.
Utopia
This means an ideal place.
Isaac Johnson’s lot
Johnson was a colonist who died within months of arriving in New England.
Portal
This means doorway.
Ann Hutchinson
She was a religious leader banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony because of her beliefs. In 1637, she bypassed the official church and began teaching her own theories in home Bible classes with women and their husbands. She was accused of threatening the established religion and of being more a “husband than a wife.”
Physiognomies
This means faces or figures.
Antinomian Religionist
This means people who did not follow Puritan moral or religious law.
Mistress Hibbins
She was a widow of a prominent Boston merchant, she was tried as a witch, condemned, and hanged in 1656.
Magistrate
This means a person in a civil office with the power to enforce the law.
Farthingale
This means hoops worn under skirts.
Malefactresses
These mean female criminals or evildoers.
Town-Beadle
This means messenger of a court of law.
Sumptuary
This means regulating extravagance on religious grounds.
Meridian
This means noon.
Pillory
This means a wooden device with openings for the hands and the head, used to confine minor offenders and to display them for public scorn and ridicule.
Contumely
This means humiliating treatment.
Phantasmagoric
This means a sequence of haphazard or fantastic images, as seen in dreams or fever.
Cloister
This means a place, especially a monastery or a convent, devoted to religious seclusion.
Continental City
Many colonists had emigrated from Britain to the Dutch city of Amsterdam before coming to the New World.
Religious
(a) Drawing from previous study, explain why the Puritans came to New England. (b) How does this relate to the statement, “The founders of a new colony, whatever Utopia of human virtue and happiness they might originally project…” (33).

(a) To escape ___________ persecution and be a “City on a Hill”. (b) They thought they were making a clean slate but they built a jail and cemetery.

Sad
Hawthorne spends a great deal of time on the setting in order to create a particular mood with which to begin the novel. (a) Describe the overall mood established in chapter one. (b) What is the condition of the Prison and the grounds surrounding it, and what is the significance of describing it as such?

(a) The overall mood established in chapter one is ___________, bland, and pessimistic. (b) The condition of the Prison and the grounds surrounding it are unkempt and overgrown. The significance of describing it as such shows that the Prison and the grounds surrounding it are not places that someone would want to be.

A
(a) Are the women happy with the way in which Hester has been punished? (b) Explain their reaction and possible reasons for them responding in this way.

(a) No. The women are not happy with the way in which Hester has been punished. They believe her judgment is too light. (b) The women in the crowd make disparaging comments about Hester. They particularly criticize her for the ornateness of the embroidered badge on her chest—a letter “___________” stitched in gold and scarlet.

Sin
(a) Describe Hester’s demeanor and apparent attitude as she appears from behind the prisoner door (36). (b) How has Hester used the Scarlet Letter itself as a way to stand up against the “sumptuary regulations of the colony” (37)?

(a) Hester simply accepts the “___________” that she has committed in the same way as she accepts her child. (b) Hester uses the symbol of the Scarlet Letter as a part of herself.

Isolation
How has Prison life seem to have affected Hester so far? Cite specific passages to support your answer.

“It had the effect of a spell, taking her out of the ordinary relations with humanity and enclosing her in a sphere by herself (37).” Prison life has put Hester in an unfortunate state of ___________, therefore alienating her from others in her community.

Punishment
Cite some examples that show the Puritan’s preferred practice of public humiliation as ___________ for sin (and please pardon the alliteration).

“It might be, that an Antinomian, a Quaker, or other heterodox religionist, was to be scourged out of the town, or an idle and vagrant Indian, whom the white man’s fire-water had made riotous about the streets, was to be driven with stripes into the shadow of the forest (34).”

Mary
(a) To what famous mother is Hester linked? (b) Analyze this connection as the narrator explains it.

(a) Virgin ___________. (b) On the outside, Virgin Mary was perfect. This was based on beauty. The same thing can apply to Hester because she is physically beautiful on the outside.

Childhood
(a) What kinds of things are flashing through Hester’s mind as she stands on the scaffold before the crowd? (b) Why might these things be occurring to her now? (c) Do you get the feeling that Hester has (or at least had) an American Dream? Please explain your response.

(a) The kinds of things that are flashing through Hester’s mind are memories of a ___________ in England, a marriage in Europe, and a journey to America. (b) These might be occurring to her now because she reminisces as she walks through the crowd. (c) I get the feeling that Hester had an American Dream because she has all of these memories of her early life. A key memory that connects to her having an American Dream is her actually journeying to America.

Governor Bellingham
His first name was Richard. He was elected governor in 1641 and again in 1654. He served as assistant governor between those terms.
Halberds
These mean ceremonial weapons combining the attributes of spears and battle axes.
John Wilson
He was the church leader and opponent of Anne Hutchinson.
Withal
This means in addition.
Skull-Cap
This means a light, close-fitting, brimless hat.
Unadulterated
This means pure.
Sagamores
This means Chiefs.
Alchemy
This means an early form of chemistry, with philosophic and magical associations.
Simples
These mean medicines made from one source, usually a herb or other plant.
Leech
This means physician.
Lethe nor Nepenthe
In Greek mythology, Lethe was a river in Hades that caused forgetfulness. Nepenthe was a substance that banished grief.
Paracelsus
This is a Pseudonym of Theopharstus von Hohenheim, an alchemist.
Bale-Fire
This means funeral pyre.
Wottest
This means knows.
Black Forest
The Puritans associated the forest with Satan. Forests, or dark woods, are traditional symbols of moral confusion or of being lost.
Progenitors
This means ancestors.
Plebeian
This means of the common people in the country.
Husband
(a) At the beginning of Chapter 3, what two people in the crowd capture Hester’s attention? (b) Who might “the stranger” be? (c) What hints is the reader given?

(a) Hester spots someone she knows speaking to a stranger. (b) Hester recognizes the person she knows as her ___________ that has been gone for 2 years. (c) Hester is struck by her husband’s wise countenance and recognizes his slightly deformed shoulders which are hints that the reader is given.

Clergyman
(a) Describe Rev. Dimmesdale. (b) What is your opinion of him so far? (c) What kind of man does he appear to be?

(a) He is a young ___________ with an impending brow, brown eyes who is described as beautiful. (b) I don’t really have an opinion of him so far. Therefore, I have to say that I don’t like nor dislike him. (c) He appears to be well-educated and very religious.

Fearful
(a) What is Hester’s state of mind at the beginning of Chapter 4? (b) What does she assume about the medicine Chillingworth instructs her to give to Pearl? (c) What would Chillingworth have to “avenge”? (50).

(a) She is very ___________ and on edge at the beginning of Chapter 4. (b) She assumes that the medicine that Chillingworth instructs her to give to Pearl is poison. (c) The only person that Chillingwort would have to “avenge” is Hester, herself. He would “avenge” Hester by seeking vengeance on the man who adulterated with Hester.

Husband
(a) Who is Chillingworth revealed to be? How has he “wronged” Hester? (b) Review page 41 for a description of Chillingworth. (c) Summarize Hester’s history with Chillingworth.

(a) He is is actually Hester’s ___________(1x) in disguise. He has “wronged” Hester because he never fulfilled his promise to follow her after sending her to America. (b) Because he is captured by Native Americans, he arrives in Boston belatedly and finds Hester and her illegitimate child being displayed on the scaffold. (c) From what the reader is told of his early years with Hester, he was a difficult ___________(2x). He ignored his wife for much of the time, yet expected her to nourish his soul with affection when he did condescend to spend time with her.

Insult
Based on Chapter 5, do you think Hester is remorseful and penitent for her sin? Cite specific passages to support your opinion.

Yes. I think that Hester is remorseful and penitent for her sin. As shame burns inside of her, she searches for companionship or sympathy, but to no avail. She devotes part of her time to charity work, but even this is more punishment than solace: those she helps frequently ___________ her, and making garments for the poor out of rough cloth insults her aesthetic sense.

Freak
This means sudden fancy, odd notion.
Selectmen
This means officials elected to manage town affairs.
Seven Years’ Slave
This refers to a freeborn Englishman who indentured himself for seven years to a wealthy person in return for passage to the New Yorld.
Cuirass Gauntlets
This means parts of a suit of armor.
Panoply
This means full set of armor.
Pequot War
This was a conflict between the native Pequot people of Southeast Connecticut and English colonists that lasted from 1633-1637.
Lawyers
It is important to note that Sir Francis Bacon, Sir Edward Coke, Sir William Noye, and Sir John Finch were all prominent ___________(s) in England.
Frontispice
This means main facade or front part of a building.
Annals
This means historical records.
Eldritch
This means ghastly or eerie.
Indue
This means dress.
England
James Stuart was the king of ___________ whose reign lasted from 1603 to 1625.
Lord of Misrule
This was a figure that was said to rule through the Christmas holidays and to be guilty of encouraging scandalous behavior.
Bedizen
This means dress or decorate in a cheap, showy way.
Her of Babylon
This was a character from Revelations 17:4-5 who was associated with misdeeds.
New England Primer
This was an early schoolbook that was used to teach both moral lessons and the alphabet.
Westminster Catechism
This is a statement of Calvinist doctrine.
Mountebank
This is a person who mounted a bench, or platform, in a public place and sold phony medicines, usually attracting an audience by tricks or stories.
Tithing-Men
This means elected officials charged with enforcing regulation of the colony.
Authority
(a) How is Pearl described outwardly? (b) How is Pearl described inwardly? Cite some specific passages and their page numbers for both. (c) How do you interpret this contrast?

(a) Pearl is a physically beautiful, vigorous, and graceful little girl. (b) Pearl possesses a complex character. She shows an unusual depth of mind, coupled with a fiery passion that Hester is incapable of controlling either with kindness or threats. Pearl shows a love of mischief and a disrespect for ___________. (c) This contrast leads me to suspect that Pearl is a type of girl whose looks can easily deceive someone.

Parent
(a) Why does Hester visit Governor Bellingham? (b) What have the Puritans in the community threatened to do to her and Pearl, and why?

(a) Hester has two intentions: to deliver a pair of ornate gloves she has made to the governor and to find out if there is any truth to the rumors that Pearl, now three, may be taken from her. (b) Some of the townspeople, apparently including the governor, have come to suspect Pearl of being a sort of demon-child. The townspeople reason that if Pearl is a demon-child, she should be taken from Hester for Hester’s sake. And, they reason, if Pearl is indeed a human child, she should be taken away from her mother for her own sake and given to a “better” ___________ than Hester Prynne.

Three
(a) How much time has passed since Roger Chillingworth came to town? (b) How old is Pearl?

(a) The amount of time that has passed since Roger Chillingworth came to town is roughly about the same amount of time that Pearl has been living. (b) Pearl is ___________ years old at this time.

Blessing
(a) Explain how Dimmesdale “saves the day” for Hester and Pearl. (b) In what way does “Pearl save Hester from Satan’s snare” (80)?

(a) Dimmesdale persuades Governor Bellingham and Mr. Wilson that Hester should be allowed to keep Pearl, whom God has given to her as both a ___________ and a reminder of her sin. (b) As Hester leaves the governor’s mansion, Mistress Hibbins, the governor’s sister, pokes her head out of the window to invite Hester to a witches’ gathering. Hester tells her that if she had not been able to keep Pearl, she would have gone willingly.

Leech
This is an archaic term for a physician.
Chirurgical
This means surgical.
Elixir of Life
This was a substance, sought by alchemists, that would prolong life indefinitely.
Gobelin Looms
This was a cloth that was produced by the Gobelin family in 15th century Paris which was prized all over the world.
Holy Writ
This means the Bible.
Sanctity of Enoch
This means that Enoch had such a perfect relationship with God that he was taken to heaven without experiencing death.
Heart
(a) Describe Dimmesdale’s physical condition. What possible causes for his decline are suggested? What do you think is the reason for it? (b) “Did he wish to die?” (83) – what do you think?

(a) He appears to be wasting away, and he frequently clutches at his chest as though his ___________ pains him. (b) I think that there is a chance that a small part of Dimmesdale wanted to die, due to potential inner guilt that he could be feeling.

Same
(a) Describe the relationship between Dimmesdale and Chillingworth. (b) What is ironic about the tapestry hanging in the widow’s home where the two of them are staying?

(a) The two men begin spending much time together and, finally, at Chillingworth’s suggestion, they move into the ___________ house, where, although they have separate apartments, they can move back and forth freely. (b) What is ironic about the tapestry is that the Biblical story behind it is the story of David and Bathsheba.

Soul
After employing many medicines and seeing no improvement in Dimmesdale, what does Chillingworth deem to be the cause of Dimmesdale’s illness?

Chillingworth tells Dimmesdale that if there is an illness in his ___________(1x), then he would have sickness in his body. Based on this statement, we can infer that a mysterious illness in Dimmesdale’s ___________(2x) has triggered another illness in his physical body.

Stronger
(a) In what ways have Dimmesdale’s sorrow affected his career? (b) How does Dimmesdale feel about these effects?

(a) Despite Dimmesdale’s extreme sorrow, his popularity among the congregation grows ___________. (b) Such mistaken adoration, however, further tortures Dimmesdale and brings him often to the point of making a public confession that he is Pearl’s father.

Self-Punishment
Since he cannot bring himself to publicly confess his sins, what things does Dimmesdale do in an effort to relieve his guilt?

He substitutes ___________-___________. He does three things that exemplify his penance. 1. He fasts. 2. He stays up all night in which his mind is plagued by frightening visions. 3. He beats himself with a bloody whip.

Scourge
This means whip or other instrument for flogging.
Somnambulism
This means sleepwalking.
Zenith
This means peak, summit.
Mill-Stone
This means stone used to grind grain.
Geneva Cloak
This means long, black gown worn by many Protestant clergymen.
Cope
This means anything that covers like a cape.
Witchcraft
A deadly nightshade, dogwood, and henbane are all plants that are associated with ___________.
Horn-Book
This is a sheet of parchment printed with letters of the alphabet and covered with a transparent piece of horn.
Apostle Eliot
He was a minister in Massachusetts from 1630-1690. He preached to Native Americans at Dorchester Mills and translated the Bible into their language.
Scrofula
This means tuberculosis of the lymph glands, a condition characterized by swelling of the glands, abscesses, and scar formation.
Seven
(a) How many years have passed since Hester stood on the scaffold, publicly bearing her shame? (b) Why does Dimmesdale visit the scaffold one night in early May? (c) Describe what happens when Hester and Pearl join him.

(a) ___________ years have passed since Hester stood on the scaffold, publicly bearing her shame. (b) Dimmesdale believes that visiting the scaffold may be a remedy to his pain. (c) When Hester and Pearl join Dimmesdale, Pearl eventually asks Dimmesdale if he would stand on the scaffold with Pearl and Hester the very next day at noontide. Dimmesdale replies, insisting, that only at the great judgment day he would do this.

Heaven
(a) What is ironic about the sexton finding the black glove? (b) What about the sexton’s interpretation of the scarlet A in the sky?

(a) The sexton recognized the black glove as the minister’s but concluded only that Satan must have been up to some mischief. (b) The sexton has interpreted the scarlet A in the sky as having nothing to do with either Hester or Dimmesdale. Rather, he believes it to stand for “Angel” and takes it as a sign that Governor Winthrop has ascended to ___________.

Able
(a) What positive effects has Hester’s recognition of and responsibility for her sin had upon her and the community? (b) What have some people come to interpret the scarlet A to mean?

(a) Hester has become more active in society. She brings food to the doors of the poor, she nurses the sick, and she is a source of aid in times of trouble. (b) More people are beginning to interpret the “A” on her chest as meaning “___________” rather than “Adulterer.”

Remove
(a) What news does Chillingworth reveal to Hester concerning the scarlet letter? (b) What is her reaction?

(a) The town fathers have recently considered allowing her to ___________ the scarlet letter. (b) Hester rebuffs Chillingworth’s insincere friendliness, telling him that the letter cannot be removed by human authority. Divine providence, she says, will make it fall from her chest when it is time for it to do so.

Evil
(a) Describe Chillingworth in his present condition. (b) In what ways has he changed?

(a) A change comes over Chillingworth’s face, and the narrator notes that the old doctor has transformed himself into the very embodiment of ___________. (b) He has now changed from a human being into a vengeful fiend, a mortal man who has lost his “human heart.”

Silent
(a) What does Hester say the scarlet letter has done for her? (b) What does Hester think her worst crime is? (c) What is Chillingworth’s worst crime? (d) What does Pearl do to decorate herself, and what might be the meaning in it?

(a) Hester says that the scarlet letter has caused her to be ___________. (b) Hester thinks that her worst crime is being responsible for Chillingworth’s tragic transformation. (c) Chillingworth’s worst crime is wanting to seek revenge. (d) Pretending to be a mermaid, Pearl puts eelgrass on her chest in the shape of an “A,” one that is “freshly green, instead of scarlet.”

Sign
Explain the significance of the story Pearl relays about the Black Man of the forest.

When footsteps are heard on the path, Pearl asks whether it is the Black Man approaching and whether Dimmesdale holds his hand over his heart to cover the Black Man’s ___________.

Denizens
This means inhabitants.
Dryad
This means a nature goddess who lives in a wood.
Hieroglyphic
This means sacred carving; any symbol with obscure meaning.
Election Sermon
This means sermon preached on the inauguration day of the governor. Election Day was set fifty days after Easter.
Buckramed
This means made of a rough fabric stiffened with glue.
Lees
This means dregs; sediment remaining from a liquid.
Wampum Belts
This means belts made of beads of shell used by Native Americans as money.
Wilderness
(a) When Hester meets Dimmesdale in the forest and reveals Chillingworth’s identity, what suggestions does she make to Dimmesdale on how to spend the rest of his life? (b) How does Dimmesdale respond to her suggestions, and what does he decide to do?

(a) Hester’s plan is for Dimmesdale to go deeper into the ___________ and live in natural freedom away from the eyes of Puritan society or to return to Europe, where he will be free of “these iron men and their opinions.” (b) But Dimmesdale feels he has not the strength to do either. While he falters, Hester encourages him, claiming that he can lead a powerful life for good and still fulfill his mission on earth. When the minister says he cannot do this alone, she tells him she will go with him.

Change
Explain Pearl’s reaction to Dimmesdale’s and Hester’s reunion. Why do you suppose she reacts as she does?

Pearl moves very slowly toward them, trying to discern her parents’ relationship. Seeing the scarlet letter on the ground and her mother’s hair sensuously falling about her shoulders, Pearl points her finger, stamps her foot, shrieks, and “bursts into a fit of passion.” She reacts the way she does because the letter is gone from her bosom and her hair isn’t hidden under a cap. Pearl couldn’t bear to not see her mother look the same anymore. She is probably one of many children that despises ___________.

Terrible
“What is it that haunts and tempts Dimmesdale thus” (151)? Why might he be undergoing these strange temptations now?

He is tempted to do something ___________. More specifically, he barely refrains from teaching bad words to a group of children and trading curses with a sailor. He might be undergoing these strange temptations now because he never confessed his adulterous sin to the public and might think that it’s okay to commit more sins.

Aqua-Vitae
This means brandy or other strong liquor.
Animadversion
This means sharp criticism.
Galliard
This means quick, lively dance.
Knights Templars
This means group of crusaders from the thirteenth century.
Morions
This means helmets.
Increase Mather
He was an influential Puritan minister of early New England who helped negotiate a new charter for the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Necromancy
This means black magic.
Centrifugal Force
This means apparent force tending to pull a thing outward when it is rotating around a center.
Apotheosized
This means glorified; idealized; deified.
Escutcheon
This means shield.
On a field gules
This means On a black background, the letter A, in red.
Escaped
Why does Chillingworth try to, have to, prevent Dimmesdale from ascending the scaffold to confess?

Chillingworth says that the scaffold is the only place where Dimmesdale could have ___________ him.

Righteousness
Dimmesdale makes a choice for himself, Hester and Pearl by ascending the scaffold. To what is he referring when he asks Hester, “Is this not better…than what we dreamed of in the forest?”

He is asking Hester to confirm the ___________ of this act and explains to her: “For thee and Pearl, be it as God shall order . . . Let me now do the will which He hath made plain before my sight.”

Natural Disaster
Does Nature approve of Dimmesdale’s action? Give support from the text for your response.

Yes. Since there is no ___________ ___________ or any sudden change in the weather pattern at this point of the story, we can safely assume that nature does indeed approve of Dimmesdale’s action.

Hope
(a) What is the significance of Pearl agreeing to kiss Dimmesdale? (b) What is meant by “spell was broken”?

(a) When Pearl kisses Dimmesdale, she weeps an actual tear. (b) There is ___________ that Pearl will grow up, be able to interact with other human beings, find love, and live a long and happy life.

Drugs
Which theory do you choose as to how the mark on Dimmesdale’s breast was produced? Or do you agree with those observers who claimed: “there was no mark whatever on his breast”? (177)

I believe that multiple factors contributed to how the mark on Dimmesdale’s breast was produced. 1. The mark was a hideous torture that the minister inflicted on himself. 2. The mark was the result of Chillingworth’s ___________(s). 3. The mark was remorse gnawing its way out of Dimmesdale’s conscience.

Mercy
Do you think it makes sense that Chillingworth would leave property to Pearl? Why or why not?

Yes. It does make sense that Chillingworth would leave property to Pearl. Once Dimmesdale passed away, Chillingworth had no purpose in life because his purpose in life, leading up to Dimmesdale’s death, was to seek pure revenge on Dimmesdale. Chillingworth probably had a drop of ___________ disperse on his inhuman soul which caused him to make a new purpose in life. His new purpose in life would be to bless Pearl with his fortunes.

Charity
(a) Why does Hester eventually return to Boston? (b) How does she spend the rest of her days? (c) Does Hawthorne suggest that Hester and Dimmesdale spend eternity together or apart?

(a) Hester suddenly eventually returns to Boston in order to live in the cottage and resume her ___________ work. (b) She spends the rest of her days giving hope and comfort to those who feel sorrow and pain. Accordingly, the scarlet letter becomes a symbol of help. She becomes a prophet of a better time where human happiness will be easier to obtain than in the rigid rules of Puritan society. (c) Hawthorne suggests that Hester and Dimmesdale shall spend eternity apart. This can be assumed because her grave is next to Dimmesdale’s, but far enough away to suggest that “the dust of the two sleepers had no right to mingle, even in death.”

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