The Scarlet Letter Flashcard Example #55315

Puritans
A group of people who adhered to strict religious beliefs including, but not limited to, the belief in predestination
Nathaniel Hawthorne
Author of the novel
Providence
Divine guidance
New England Holiday
Election day; the day of Arthur Dimmesdale’s final sermon
what happens to Pearl Prynne
Inherits Chillingworth’s fortune, becomes richest girl in New England, moves to England and gets married
the scarlet letter
The Puritans mean for the scarlet letter to be a symbol of Hester’s shame. But the narrator describes the letter as a “mystic symbol” that means many things. The letter does represent Hester Prynne’s adultery, but as she grows and changes in the novel, the letter’s symbolism evolves as well. For example, it comes to mean “able” when she becomes a successful seamstress, and Dimmesdale refers to Hester twice as “angel,” giving the letter yet another meaning. In the end, the letter comes to symbolize Hester’s triumph over the very forces that meant to punish her.
Roger Chillingworth
Hester’s husband, demon, gradually destroys himself in lust and revenge, mean, cruel man.,

Hester’s husband from the Netherlands. Chillingworth arrives in Boston on the day that Hester is publicly shamed and forced to wear the scarlet letter. He vows revenge on the father of PEARL, and he soon moves in with Arthur DIMMESDALE, who Chillingworth knows has committed adultery with his wife. His revenge is frustrated at the end of the novel, when Dimmesdale reveals that he is Pearl’s father before dying. Chillingworth, having lost the object of his hatred, dies soon thereafter. is known as the devils handyman, and is filled with evil.

Hester Prynne
-Appoints herself a sister of mercy
Strong woman with independent mind, brave and defiant, mother of Pearl, lover of Rev. Dimmesdale.
-In the Scarlet Letter, Very beautiful; youthful looking with dark hair and eyes; “feminine” according to the time: air of dignity, not grace or eloquence; after receives the scarlet letter and hides hair from the world she loses this air, youthfulness and beauty. Very passionate.
-“A beautiful puritan woman full of strong passions, Hester Prynne is the main character in the story. Employed as the village seamstress, she is strong and caring, helping anyone she can when he or she are in need. With a penitent heart, Hester travels through the story becoming only a shadow of her former passionate loving self. Other than the scarlet letter, she was a very moral woman whose only joy in life was her daughter Pearl. “
– must wear the scarlet letter A on her body as punishment for her adulterous affair with Arthur Dimmesdale
– married to Roger Chillingworth, but while Hester awaited her husband’s arrival from Amsterdam, Netherlands, she met Dimmesdale and engaged in the adulterous affair, which led to Pearl’s birth.
– passionate, strong; speculates about human nature, social organization, and larger moral questions
Arthur Dimmesdale
– young, handsome pastor residing in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and hides a dark secret
– a scholar from Oxford University who achieved fame in England as a theologian and then emigrated to America. In a moment of weakness, he and Hester became lovers. Although he will not confess it publicly, he is the father of her child. He deals with his guilt by tormenting himself physically and psychologically, developing a heart condition as a result.
– an intelligent and emotional man, and his sermons are thus masterpieces of eloquence and persuasiveness. His commitments to his congregation are in constant conflict with his feelings of sinfulness and need to confess.
-dies on the platform where Hester was first punished
General Miller
– oldest inhabitant of the Customs House.
-holds independent position of Collector, which allows him to avoid the politicized shuffling of positions.
– protects the other men from being fired, which is why many of the employees are old.
Governor Bellingham
– a wealthy, elderly gentleman who spends much of his time consulting with the other town fathers.
– resembles a traditional English aristocrat.
– strictly adhere to the rules, but he is easily swayed by Dimmesdale’s eloquence.
– remains blind to the misbehaviors taking place in his own house: his sister, Mistress Hibbins, is a witch.
SL governor of the town, tries to take PEARL from HESTER but DIMMESDALE convinces him not to, present at HESTER’s punishment
– hypocritical old man; follows strictly by the rules except in matters involving his sister
Inspector
– patriarch of the Customs House. His father created the post for him, and he has retained it ever since.
– considered one of the happiest workers, likely because he knows he will never be removed from his post.
John Wilson
– eldest clergy man in Boston, friend of Arthur Dimmesdale – uses mob mentality to persuade the multitude to criticize Hester once more and look upon her with pity/sympathy
– stereotypical Puritan father, a literary version of the stiff, starkly painted portraits of American patriarchs.
– Like Governor Bellingham, he follows the community’s rules strictly but can be swayed by Dimmesdale’s eloquence.
– Unlike Dimmesdale, his junior colleague, he preaches hellfire and damnation and advocates harsh punishment of sinners
-dies later
-The historical figure on whom this character is based was an English-born minister who arrived in Boston in 1630. He is a symbol of religious authority and, combined with Governor Bellingham, of the Puritan Theocracy.
Jonathan Pue
– ancient surveyor of the Customs House. Hawthorne, as narrator, claims to have found a package with this name on it, containing the story of the novel.
Mistress Hibbins
– the sister of Governor Bellingham/lives with him as a widow.
– killed for being a witch after the novel’s events.
– sneaks into the woods during the night to conduct covert business in the service of “The Black Man.”
– sometimes grouped with HESTER
– rides with the “Black Man” at night
– hears Dimmesdale shrieking from the scaffold at night
– based upon an actual figure in history who was executed as a witch
– provides perspective on characters’ actions throughout the story
-is a symbol of super or preternatural knowledge and evil powers.
Pearl
– her mother’s only treasure, purchased at a great price.
– the living sermon to the Scarlet Letter
– illegitimate daughter, a young girl with a moody, mischievous spirit and an ability to perceive things that others do not
– lacks Christian decency; tosses burrs at Hester’s scarlet letter
– quickly discerns the truth about her mother and Dimmesdale.
– barely seems human to the townspeople who spread rumors that her unknown father is actually the Devil.
– wise far beyond her years, frequently engaging in ironic play having to do with her mother’s scarlet letter
-Hester’s daughter who signifies her sin and all she gave-up.
-is the embodiment of her parents sins
– Pearl, from her name to her comfort with nature, is also the most pure character in the novel.
Master Brackett
– jailer of Hester Prynne’s prison
– admits Hester’s husband under the name of Robert Chillingworth, a physician
– surprised that when Chillingworth entered, Hester and the baby were silenced
– “‘Nay, if your worship can accomplish that,’ answered ______, ‘I shall own you for a man of skill indeed! Verily, the woman hath been like a possessed one; and there lacks little, that I should take in hand to drive Satan out of her with stripes'” (68).
Governor Winthrop
– has gloves sewn by Hester Prynne, who only sews items for funerals, baptisms, and other events except for weddings
– passes away on the night of the “A” meteor
The Prison Door
Harsh, immovable, and unforgiving Puritan society
The Rose Bush
Kindness and hope amidst the ugliness. It is a symbol of Christian Grace that awaits the prisoner.
also represents hester as a character, linking to the fact that they have both survived through all things
The Scarlet Letter
Stage 1-A symbol of Adultery (Sin)
Stage 2-A symbol of Ability
Stage 3-A Symbol of an Angel (Righteousness)
The Red Mark on Dimmesdale’s Chest
The physical manifestation of his inner guilt and sin.
The Meteor
A sign from God
-that the Governor was an “Angel”
-that Dimmesdale must also wear the “A”
-that we all see what we need to see in events.
The Black Man
The Devil
The Forest
All that is unknown and morally unrestrained outside of the Puritan life. Hester lives between the town and the forest.
Chillingworth’s Physical Deformity/Age
Evil/heartlessness/vengeance
The Scaffold
Penitence and God’s platform on the Day of Judgment.
Sunlight
God’s grace
What is the Scarlet letter?
the letter A which is the symbol for adultry
Who is the main character?
Hester Prynne
How would you describe Hester Prynne’s character?
young, passionate, strong, intelligent woman
Why does Hester Prynne has to wear the Scralet letter?
because she gives birth to a child which isn’t from her husband
Who is Pearl?
she is the narrator of the story, daughter of Hester Prynne and Arthur Dimmesdale
characterize the personality of Pearl
she is a moody, sometimes ironical, wise, young girl who has the ability to preceive things that others don’t
Who is Roger Chillingworth?
much older husband of Hester Prynne, scholar
What’s the character of Roger Chillingworth like?
he is self-absorbed, physically and psychologically monstrous, lusts for revenge
As what does Roger Chillingworth disguise himself because of his knowledge?
as a doctor
Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale is a friend of some…
Native Americans
location of the story
Boston
how does it embody romanticism
-It covers all of the main points of Romanticism; exotic local, supernatural influences, poetic language, symbolic undertones and the fight between good and evil
-it also embodes the “good versus evil” fight the is seen in romantic writings.
-The forest was where they could escape from the city’s corruption.

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